Chemo-Mechanical Interactions in Geological and Biological Materials: examples
Examples of chemo-mechanical couplings are presented briefly. First, the notion of a semi-impermeable membrane is introduced together with the concept of osmosis. Chemical contraction and swelling are illustrated in chemically sensitive clays and articular cartilages. The heart muscle provides a prominent instance of electro-chemo-mechanical coupling. Reverse couplings play an important role in the engineering of soft tissues. Microstructural aspects of the chemically sensitive materials highlight the ubiquitous electric charges that promote the couplings.
KeywordsArticular Cartilage Interlamellar Space Corneal Stroma Unconfined Compression Orthopaedic Research
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