Technological Aspects of Walking

  • Friedrich Pfeiffer
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 467)


Walking is one typical result of biological evolution. Walking biological systems do not need any prepared areas like roads, places or tracks; they are able to cope with most of the surface structures developed on earth. But walking needs intelligence, some neurobiologists say it is intelligence. All biological cognitive systems have learned from walking and are at the same time a basis for walking performance. The interconnection of sensors, muscles, cordal spine and brain intelligence are extremely complicated and not yet completely understood in all details. Here, biological evolution has developed very perfect and sophisticated solutions, which are able to adapt to most problems appearing in natural walking requirements. We shall hear about these findings in the lectures given by our biological colleagues.


Humanoid Robot Gait Pattern Joint Torque Technological Aspect Biped Robot 
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© Springer-Verlag Wien 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Friedrich Pfeiffer
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Angewandte MechanikTU-MünchenGarchingGermany

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