Behaviour of Fluorochemical-Treated Fabric in Contact with Water

Ana Robert Estelrich
  • S. A. Pymag
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 463)


The introduction of fluorinated coatings in the textile industry has improved significantly the hydro- and oleophobic properties of the treated fabrics. However, these properties are notably reduced when the fabric is washed and partially recovered with heat treatment in air such as ironing. These changes of repellency are related to the modification of the chemical organisation of the fiber surface. This paper describes the chemical structure of some of the fluoropolymers used in textile and their relationship with these surface properties. A new explanation of the nature of this diminishing performance in contact with water and its recovery by heating is given.


Contact Angle Pendant Group Ethyl Acrylate Recede Contact Angle Smectic Phase 
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© Springer-Verlag Wien 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Pymag
    • 1
  1. 1.Berguedà 21Pol. Ind. UrvasaBarcelonaSpain

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