Complex Test of Cycling Performance

  • Zsolt Knoll
  • László Kocsis
  • István Györe
  • Rita Kiss
Conference paper
Part of the CISM Courses and Lectures book series (CISM, volume 473)


The objectives of this study were to determine whether the dominant leg as identified by kinematic and EMG data, to determine whether the unregulated neuromuscular control as identified by motion analysis in the threshold, and to determine the role of different muscles during the performance tests. To achieve these objectives data were collected from nine professional cyclists, who were examined on a performance test under increasing power output condition. The knee angle was computed from data determined by ultrasound-based motion analyzer; the EMG data were determined by surface electromyography. Our data demonstrated great changes in the kinematic and EMG parameters during the performance test. The results of this study indicated that cycling asymmetry is related to limb dominance, changes in asymmetry with workrate are highly subject specific. The data reveal an unregulated EMG pattern and motion in the threshold determined from physiological parameters. Our results tended to suggest the role of muscle gastrocnemius does not depend on the work rate and the muscles gluteus maximus may be to help the increasing power output in the anaerobe state.


Performance Test Cycling Performance Anaerobe Threshold Knee Angle Neuromuscular Control 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Beyond, T., Neptune, R. R., Hull, M. L. (1997). Pedal and knee loads using a multi-degree-of-freedom pedal platform in cycling. Journal of Biomechanics. 30:505–511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cheng, B., Kupiers, H., Snyder, A. et al. (1992). A new approach for the determination of ventillatory and lactate thresholds. Int J of Sports Medicine. 13:518–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fregly, B. J., Zajac, F. E. (1996). A state-space analysis of mechanical energy generation, absorption and transfer during pedaling. Journal of Biomechanics. 29:81–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kaplan, M. L., Heegaard, J. H. (2001). Predictive algorithms for neuromuscular control of human locomotion. Journal of Biomechnics. 34: 1077–1083.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Knoll, Zs., Kocsis, L., Kiss, R. (2003). Joint kinematics and spatial-temporal parameters of gait measured by an ultrasound-based system. Manuscript submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  6. Li, I., Caldwell, G. E. (1998). Muscle co-ordination in cycling effect of surface incline and posture. Journal of Applied Physiology. 85:927–934.Google Scholar
  7. Marsh, A. P., Martin, P.E. (1997). The effect of cycling experience, aerobic power and power output on preferred and most economical cycling cadence. Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise. 29: 1225–1232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Neptune, R. R, Herzog, W. (2000). Adaptation of muscle coordination to altered task mechanics during steady-state cycling. Journal of Biomechanics. 33:165–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Smack, W., Neptune, R. R., Hull, M. L.(1999). The influence of pedaling rate on bilateral asymmetry in cycling. Journal of Biomechanics. 32:899–906.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Vaughan, C. L., Davis, B. L., O’Connor J.C. (1999). Dynamics of human gait. Kiboho Publisher, Cape Town, South Africa.Google Scholar
  11. Whitt, F.R., Wilson, D. G. (1974). Bicycling Science. MIT Press, Cambridge MAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zsolt Knoll
    • 1
  • László Kocsis
    • 2
  • István Györe
    • 3
  • Rita Kiss
    • 4
  1. 1.MEDICaMENTOR FoundBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Department of Applied Mechanics, Biomechanical LaboratoryBudapest University of Technology and EconomicsBudapestHungary
  3. 3.National Institute of Sport MedicineBudapestHungary
  4. 4.Academic Research Group of StructuresBudapest University of Technology and EconomicsBudapestHungary

Personalised recommendations