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Abstract

The specific properties of fibre reinforced materials, both natural and man made, are described. Early examples are mud bricks reinforced with straw, known already in antiquity. Modern examples are glass fibre reinforced polymers or ceramic fibre reinforced metals. The need to combine low weight with high stiffness has prompted the use of fibre composites in aircraft design, both military and civil.

Rational methods have been developed to analyse the mechanical behaviour of fibre composites under various kinds of loading. Material properties are derived by methods of micro mechanics, whereas structural properties are derived by methods of macro mechanics. A key concept in these analyses is the anisotropy occurring in fibre composites with parallel fibres.

Strength and stiffness data are briefly presented for various types of fibre composite materials. Examples of recent standard literature on fibre composites are given.

Keywords

Composite Material Carbon Fibre Metal Matrix Composite Fibre Reinforce Polymer Carbon Fibre Reinforce Polymer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Examples of literature on fibre composites

I. Introductory and popular accounts

  1. Tsu-Wei, Chou, Roy L. McCullough & R. Byron Pipes: “Composites”. Scientific American, October 1986, pp 167–177.Google Scholar
  2. James Edward Gordon, The New Science of Strong Materials. Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, England 1968. 269 pages.Google Scholar
  3. James Edward Gordon, The Science of Structures and Materials. W.H. Freeman & Co, New York, USA 1988. 217 pages.Google Scholar
  4. Anthony Kelly: “The Nature of Composite Materials”. In: Materials. W.H. Freeman & Co, London 1967, pp 96–110 (from Scientific American, September 1967 ).Google Scholar
  5. J.W. Martin, Strong Materials. Wykeham Publications, London 1972. 113 pages.Google Scholar

2. Composite materials

  1. Donald F. Adams, Test Methods for Composite Materials. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA 1990. 340 pages.Google Scholar
  2. Lawrence J. Broutman & Richard H. Krock, Modern Composite Materials. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, USA 1967. 581 pages.Google Scholar
  3. Derek Hull, An Introduction to Composite Materials. Cambridge University Press 1981. 246 pages.Google Scholar
  4. Antony Kelly, Strong Solids. Clarendon Press, Oxford 1966. 212 pages.Google Scholar
  5. Ramesh Talreja, Fatigue of Composite Materials. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA 1987. 191 pages.Google Scholar

3. Composite material mechanics; textbooks and monographs

  1. J. Aboudi, Mechanics of Composite Materials — A Unified Micromechanical Approach. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V.Google Scholar
  2. Bhagwan D. Agarwal & Lawrence J. Broutman, Analysis and Performance of Fiber Composites. Wiley-Interscience, New York 1990. 355 pages.Google Scholar
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  6. Leonard Holloway, Glass Reinforced Plastics in Construction. Surrey University Press, Glasgow 1978. 228 pages.Google Scholar
  7. M. Holmes & D.J. Just, GRP in Structural Engineering. Applied Science Publishers, London 1983. 298 pages.Google Scholar
  8. R. Hussein, Composite Panels/Plates: Analysis and Design. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA 1986. 366 pages.Google Scholar
  9. Robert M. Jones, Mechanics of Composite Materials. Mc Graw-Hill, New York 1975. 355 pages.Google Scholar
  10. Golam M. Nevaz, Delamination in Advanced Composites. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA 1991. 497 pages.Google Scholar
  11. A.M. Skudra et al, Structural Analysis of Composite Beam Systems. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA 1991. 312 pages.Google Scholar
  12. Y.M. Tarnopolski et al, Spatially Reinforced Composites. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA 1991. 352 pages.Google Scholar
  13. Stephen W. Tsai, Composites Design. 3. ed. Think Composites, Dayton, OH, USA 1987. 509 pages.Google Scholar
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  15. Jack R. Vinson & Tsu-Wei Chou, Composite Materials and their Use in Structures. Applied Science Publishers, London 1990. 435 pages.Google Scholar
  16. Jack R. Vinson & R.L. Sierakowski, The Behavior of Structures Composed of Composite Materials. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands 1986. 323 pages.Google Scholar

4. Anisotropic Elasticity

  1. R.F.S. Hearmon, An Introduction to Applied Anisotropic Elasticity. Oxford University Press 1961. 136 pages.Google Scholar
  2. S.G. Lekhnitskii, Theory of Elasticity of an Anisotropie Elastic Body. Holden-Day, San Francisco 1963. 404 pages.Google Scholar

5. Handbooks

  1. Leif A. Carlsson & John W. Gillespie (Eds.), Delaware Composites Design Encyclopedia. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster. PA, USA: Vol. 1, Mechanical Behavior and Properties of Composite Materials, 1989, 160 pagesGoogle Scholar
  2. Leif A. Carlsson & John W. Gillespie (Eds.), Delaware Composites Design Encyclopedia. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster. PA, USA: Vol. 2, Micromechanical Materials Modeling, 1990, 248 pagesGoogle Scholar
  3. Leif A. Carlsson & John W. Gillespie (Eds.), Delaware Composites Design Encyclopedia. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster. PA, USA: Vol. 3, Processing and Fabrication Technology, 1990, 256 pagesGoogle Scholar
  4. Leif A. Carlsson & John W. Gillespie (Eds.), Delaware Composites Design Encyclopedia. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster. PA, USA: Vol. 4, Failure Analysis of Composite Materials, 1990, 216 pagesGoogle Scholar
  5. Leif A. Carlsson & John W. Gillespie (Eds.), Delaware Composites Design Encyclopedia. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster. PA, USA: Vol. 5, Design Studies,1990, 256 pagesGoogle Scholar
  6. Leif A. Carlsson & John W. Gillespie (Eds.), Delaware Composites Design Encyclopedia. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster. PA, USA: Vol. 6, Test Methods, 1990, 170 pagesGoogle Scholar
  7. Leif A. Carlsson & John W. Gillespie (Eds.), Delaware Composites Design Encyclopedia. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster. PA, USA: Index for Volumes 1–6,1991, 40 pagesGoogle Scholar
  8. Cyril A. Dostal (Ed.), Engineered Materials Handbook, Volume 1: Composites. ASM International, Metals Park, OH, USA 1987. 983 pages.Google Scholar
  9. S.V. Hoa, Analysis for Design of Fiber Reinforced Plastic Vessels and Piping. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA 1991. 587 pages.Google Scholar
  10. A. Kelly (Ed.), Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials, Pergamon Press, Oxford 1989.Google Scholar
  11. Stuart M. Lee (Ed.), Dictionary of Composite Materials Technology. Vol. 1–2. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA 1989. 333+205 pages.Google Scholar
  12. George S. Springer, Composite Plates Impact Damage: An Atlas. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA 1991. 425 pages.Google Scholar

6. Symposia, etc

  1. Proceedings of the American Society for Composites. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA: First Technical Conference 1986, 502 pagesGoogle Scholar
  2. Proceedings of the American Society for Composites. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA: Second Technical Conference 1987, 600 pagesGoogle Scholar
  3. Proceedings of the American Society for Composites. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA: Third Technical Conference 1988, 761 pagesGoogle Scholar
  4. Proceedings of the American Society for Composites. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA: Fourth Technical Conference 1989, 1009 pagesGoogle Scholar
  5. Proceedings of the American Society for Composites. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA: Fifth Technical Conference 1991, 1049 pages.Google Scholar
  6. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Conference: Design in Composite Materials 1989. Mechanical Engineering Publications Ltd, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England 1989.Google Scholar
  7. Proceedings of the SPI Composites Institute Annual Conference. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA: 42nd Conference 1987, 790 pagesGoogle Scholar
  8. Proceedings of the SPI Composites Institute Annual Conference. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA: 43rd Conference 1988, 680 pagesGoogle Scholar
  9. Proceedings of the SPI Composites Institute Annual Conference. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA: 44th Conference 1989, 684 pagesGoogle Scholar
  10. Proceedings of the SPI Composites Institute Annual Conference. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA: 45th Conference 1990, 666 pagesGoogle Scholar
  11. Proceedings of the SPI Composites Institute Annual Conference. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA: 46th Conference 1991, 726 pagesGoogle Scholar
  12. Zvi Hashin & Carl T. Herakovic (Eds.), Mechanics of Composite Materials. Recent Advances. Proceedings of IUTAM Symposium, Blacksburg, VA, USA 1982. Pergamon Press, New York 1983. 499 pages.Google Scholar
  13. H. Lilholt & R. Talreja (Eds.), Fatigue and Creep of Composite Materials. Proceedings of the 3rd Riso International Symposium on Metallurgy and Materials Science, Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark 1982. 341 pages.Google Scholar
  14. A.J.M. Spencer (Ed.), Continuum Theory of the Mechanics of Fibre-Reinforced Composites. Lectures at International Centre for Mechanical Sciences (CISM), Udine, Italy 1981. Springer-Verlag, Vienna 1984. 284 pages.Google Scholar
  15. F.W. Wendt, H. Liebowitz & N. Perrone (Eds.), Mechanics of Composite Materials. Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium on Naval Structural Mechanics, Philadelphia, PA, USA 1967. Pergamon Press, Oxford 1970. 886 pages.Google Scholar

7. Journals, Research Reports, etc

  1. ASTM Journal of Composites Technology and Research (until 1985: Composites Technology Review).Google Scholar
  2. Composite Structures. Elsevier Applied Science Publishers, Barking, Essex, England.Google Scholar
  3. Composites. Butterworths-Heinemann, Oxford, England.Google Scholar
  4. Composites Engineering. Pergamon Press, Oxford, England.Google Scholar
  5. Composites Manufacturing. Butterworths-Heinemann, Oxford, England.Google Scholar
  6. Composites Science and Technology. Elsevier Applied Science Publishers, Barking, Essex, England.Google Scholar
  7. Journal of Composite Materials. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA.Google Scholar
  8. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA.Google Scholar
  9. Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials. Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, PA, USA.Google Scholar
  10. Polymer Composites, Society for Plastics Engineers.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Hult
    • 1
  1. 1.Chalmers University of TechnologyGöteborgSweden

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