User Modeling pp 339-341 | Cite as

A Pair of Student Models to Encourage Collaboration

  • Susan Bull
  • Matt Smith
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 383)


PairSM is a domain-independent system aimed at helping pairs of students to organise their revision for an approaching test. PairSM contains two individual student models which are compared by the system to enable it to suggest ways in which two students may work together effectively. It can recommend collaborative learning, peer tutoring or individual learning, depending on the comparative contents of the models. The aim is to encourage students to experience the benefits of peer interaction.


Shared Knowledge Collaborative Learning User Modeling Human Computer Interaction Individual Learning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan Bull
    • 1
  • Matt Smith
    • 2
  1. 1.The Language CentreUniversity of BrightonUK
  2. 2.School of Computing ScienceMiddlesex UniversityUK

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