Some Aspects of Baroclinic Circulation Models

  • J. Kielmann
  • T. J. Simons
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 286)


These lectures deal with problems of baroclinic circulation of lakes and inland seas. The term “circulation” needs further explanation: What is meant by circulation? Generally, we tend to define circulation as the rectified effects of all possible thermo-hydrodynamic processes in a lake or sea. Rectification is a consequence of averaging the possibly nonlinear processes over some predefined space and time scales. Thus, we speak of the “world ocean circulation” when time scales of some hundred years and space scales of some hundred kilometers are involved, and we talk about the “summer circulation of a lake” and may mean by it the average of several years of stratified circulation patterns in summer. However, even the response of a lake to a few days of wind forcing is often referred to as “circulation”; in this case it means that also wave processes of this time scale have to be included.


Central Difference Scheme Baroclinic Mode Bornholm Basin Flux Corrected Transport Baroclinic Circulation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Kielmann
    • 1
  • T. J. Simons
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Meereskunde an der Universität KielW. Germany
  2. 2.Canada Centre for Inland WatersBurlingtonCanada

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