Advertisement

Drop-Liquid Impact Phenomena

  • Andrea Prosperetti
Part of the CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 456)

Abstract

A brief survey of several phenomena occurring when a liquid drop impacts the surface of a pool of the same liquid is presented. The review touches upon drop oscillations, liquid-liquid contact, sound emission, bubble entrapment, and vorticity generation.

Keywords

Impact Velocity Liquid Surface Vortex Ring Adverse Pressure Gradient Capillary Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anilkumar, A.V., Lee, C.P., & Wang, T.G., 1991, Surface-tension-induced mixing following coalescence of initially stationary drops, Phys. Fluids, A3, 2587–2591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Batchelor, G.K., 1967, An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Cambridge U.P., Cambridge.Google Scholar
  3. Bennett, B., Shumays, A., Krysac, L.C. & Maynard, J.D., 1998, Noise from raindrops: fundamental studies of bubble entrainment by pure 4He, J. Low Temp. Phys., 113, 1025–1029.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Best, J.P., 1993, The formation of toroidal bubbles upon the collapse of transient cavities, J. Fluid Mech., 251, 79–107.CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. Buchholz, J.H.J. & Sigurdson, W.L., 2000, The kinematics of the vortex ring structure generated by a bursting bubble, Phys. Fluids, 12, 42–53.CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. Cai, Y.K., 1989, Phenomena of a liquid drop falling to a liquid surface, Exp. Fluids, 7, 388–394.Google Scholar
  7. Cooker, M.J. & Peregrine, D.H., 1995, Pressure-impulse theory for liquid impact problems, J. Fluid Mech., 297, 193–214.MathSciNetCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  8. Carroll, K. & Mesler, R., 1981, Bubble nucleation studies. Part II. Bubble entrainment by drop formed vortex rings, AIChE J., 27, 853–856.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chapman, D.S. & Critchlow, P.R., 1967, Formation of vortex rings from falling drops, J. Fluid Mech., 29, 177–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cossali, G.E., Coghe, A. & Marengo, M., 1997, The impact of a single drop on a wetted solid surface, Exp. Fluids, 22, 463–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cresswell, R.W. & Morton, B.R., 1995, Drop-formed vortex rings — The generation of vorticity, Phys. Fluids, 7, 1363–1370.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dell’Aversana, P., Tontodonato, V., & Carotenuto, L., 1997, Suppression of coalescence and of wetting: The shape of the interstitial film, Phys. Fluids, 9, 2475–2485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dooley, B.S., Warncke, A.E., Gharib, M., & Tryggvason, G., 1997, Vortex ring generation due to the coalescence of a water drop at a free surface, Exp. Fluids, 22, 368–374.Google Scholar
  14. Esmailizadeh, L. & Mesler, R., 1986, Bubble entrainment with drops, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 110, 561–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Franz, G.J., 1959, Splashes as sources of sound in liquids, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 31, 1080–1096.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Guo, Y.P. & Ffowcs-Williams, J.E., 1991, A theoretical study on drop impact sound and rain noise, J. Fluid Mech., 227, 345–355.MathSciNetCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  17. Hobbs, P.V. & Osheroff, T., 1967, Splashing of drops on shallow liquids, Science, 158, 1184–1186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hsiao, M., Lichter, S. & Quintero, L.G., 1988, The critical Weber number for vortex and jet formation for drops impacting on a liquid pool, Phys. Fluids, 31, 3560–3562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Korobkin, A.A. & Pukhnachov, V.V., 1988, Initial stage of water impact, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 20, 159–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lamb, H., 1932, Hydrodynamics, Cambridge U.P., Cambridge, 6th ed.MATHGoogle Scholar
  21. Landau, L. & Lifshitz, E.M., 1959, Fluid Mechanics, Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  22. Lesser, M.B. & Field, J.E., 1983, The impact of compressible liquids, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 15, 97–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lighthill, J., 1978, Waves in Fluids, Cambridge U.P., Cambridge.MATHGoogle Scholar
  24. Longuet-Higgins, M. S., 1990, An analytic model of sound production by raindrops, J. Fluid Mech., 214, 395–410.MathSciNetCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  25. Longuet-Higgins, M.S., 1993, Highly-accelerated free-surface flows, J. Fluid Mech., 248, 449–475.MathSciNetCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  26. Longuet-Higgins, M.S., & Oguz, H.N., 1995, Critical microjets in collapsing cavities, J. Fluid Mech., 290, 183–201.MathSciNetCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  27. Lundgren, T.S. & Mansour, N.N., 1988, Oscillations of drops in zero gravity with weak viscous effects, J. Fluid Mech., 194, 479–510.MathSciNetCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  28. Medwin, H., Kurgan, A., & Nystuen, J.A., 1990, Impact and bubble sound from rain drops at normal and oblique incidence, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 88, 413–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Medwin, H., Nystuen, J.A., Jacobus, P.W., Ostwald, L.H., & Snyder, D.E., 1992, The anatomy of underwater rain noise, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 92, 1613–1623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Morton, D., Rudman, M., & Liow, J.L., 2000, An investigation of the flow regimes resulting from splashing drops, Phys. Fluids, 12, 747–763.CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  31. Oguz, H.N. & Prosperetti, A., 1990, Bubble entrainment by the impact of drops on liquid surfaces, J. Fluid Mech., 219, 143–179.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Oguz, H.N. & Prosperetti, A., Bubble entrapment by axisymmetric capillary waves, in Engineering Science, Fluid Dynamics, Yates, G.T., ed., World Scientific, Singapore, 1990, 191–202.Google Scholar
  33. Oguz, H.N. & Prosperetti, A., 1990, Surface tension effects in the contact of liquid surfaces, J. Fluid Mech., 203, 149–171.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Oguz, H.N. & Prosperetti, A., 1991, Numerical calculation of the underwater noise of rain, J. Fluid Mech., 228, 417–442.MATHGoogle Scholar
  35. Peck, B. & Sigurdson, L., 1994, The three-dimensional vortex structure of an impacting water drop, Phys. Fluids, 6, 564–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Prosperetti, A., 1980, Normal-mode analysis for the oscillations of a viscous liquid drop in an immiscible liquid, J. Mécanique, 19, 149–182.MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
  37. Prosperetti, A. & Oguz, H.N., 1993, The impact of drops on liquid surfaces and the underwater noise of rain, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 25, 577–602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Prosperetti, A. & Oguz, H.N., 1997, Air entrainment upon liquid impact, Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, 355, 491–506.MathSciNetCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  39. Prosperetti, A., Pumphrey, H.C., & Crum, L.A., 1989, The underwater noise of rain, J. Geo-phys. Res., 94, 3255–3259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pumphrey, H.C. & Elmore, P.A., 1990, The entrainment of bubbles by drop impacts, J. Fluid Mech., 220, 539–567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Rein, M., 1995, Nonlinear analysis of two-dimensional compressible liquid-liquid impact, European J. Mech. B/Fluids, 14, 301–322.MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
  42. Rein, M., 1996, The transitional regime between coalescing and splashing drops, J. Fluid Mech., 306, 145–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Rodriguez, F. & Mesler, R., 1988, The penetration of drop-formed vortex rings into pools of liquid, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 121, 121–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rodriguez, F. & Mesler, R., 1985, Some drops don’t splash, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 106, 347–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Scrimger, J.A., Evans, D.J., McBean, G., Farmer, D., & Kerman, B.R., 1987, Underwater noise due to rain, hail, and snow, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 81, 79–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Shankar, P.N. & Kumar, M., 1995, Vortex rings generated by drops just coalescing with a pool, Phys. Fluids, 7, 737–745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Shin, J. & McMahon, T.A., 1990, The tuning of a splash, Phys. Fluids, A2, 1312–1317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Thomson, J.J. & Newall, H.F., 1885, On the formation of vortex rings by drops falling into liquids, and some allied phenomena, Proc. R. Soc. London, 29, 417–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Thoroddsen, S.T. & Takehara, K., 2000, The coalescence cascade of a drop, Phys. Fluids, 12, 1265–1267.CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  50. Wang, A.B. & Chen, C.C., 2000, Splashing impact of a single drop onto very thin liquid films, Phys. Fluids, 12, 2155–2158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Weiss, D.A. & Yarin, A.L., 1999, Single drop impact onto liquid films: neck distortion, jetting, tiny bubble entrainment, and crown formation, J. Fluid Mech., 385, 229–254.CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  52. Zeff, B.W., Kleber, B., Fineberg, J., & Lathrop, D.P., 2000, Singularity dynamics in curvature collapse and jet eruption on a fluid surface, Nature, 403, 401–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Prosperetti
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringThe Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Faculty of Applied Physics and Twente Institute of MechanicsUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands
  3. 3.BurgerscentrumThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations