Splash Formation by Water Drops

  • Jong-Leng Liow
Conference paper
Part of the CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 456)


The impact of a 2 mm diameter water drop onto a deep water bath was studied experimentally. The different regimes of cavity collapse and jet formation behaviour were mapped out on a Froude-Weber plot. Two transition zones were identified where high speed jets were formed without bubble entrapment. This singular behaviour is surface tension driven. The numerical simulations of Morton were compared with photographs of dyed drops and confirmed that smaller vortex rings penetrating deep into the water bath are formed at Weber numbers much higher than 64.


Vortex Ring Froude Number Water Drop Drop Shape Cavity Collapse 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jong-Leng Liow
    • 1
  1. 1.GKW CRC for Extractive Metallurgy, Department of Chemical EngineeringThe University of MelbourneAustralia

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