Interferometric Methods

  • W. Jüptner
Conference paper
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 403)


Interference is one of the most fundamental phenomena of the light as an electromagnetic wave. Huygens postulated that one can define the intensity in any given point anywhere in space by superposing the elementary wave coming from a surface with known electromagnetic excitation. The Huygens principle involves the interference otherwise only the intensities would be summed up.

The phenomena of interference is a result of the linearity of the wave equation. This equation is similar for all kinds of waves. It is a differential equation which contains at least a term with the second derivative after space and one after time, respectively. With any found solution the sum of the solutions is a solution, too. This consequence is the basis for most of the coherent-optical metrology methods.

Holography is based on the interference of an object wave and an reference wave forming the hologram. The reconstruction of the hologram results in the original object wave which can interfere with the wave from a changed object state. The interference pattern is a measure for the displacement of surface points: the principle of holographic interferometry in all kind and of shearography. In Speckle photography the recorded Speckle fields before and after displacement interfere forming Young’s fringes.


Heat Affected Zone Fringe Pattern Reference Wave Holographic Interferometry Weld Material 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Jüptner
    • 1
  1. 1.BIASBremenGermany

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