Advertisement

Crash Compatibility

  • D. Buzeman-Jewkes
  • R. W. Thomson
  • D. C. Viano
Conference paper
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 423)

Abstract

Undesirable — or incompatible — crash interactions between one vehicle and its collision partner can be due to differences in structure, mass, stiffness and geometry. These differences can increase deformation and acceleration levels in one or both of the vehicles and thereby increase occupant injury risks. Real world statistics indicate that the ratio of occupant fatalities between two vehicle types can range from 1.6:1 (cars and light trucks in frontal collisions) to 23:1 (cars struck in the side by large vans). The mix of vehicle types and potential impact conditions present a challenge when designing crash protection strategies for motor vehicles and the transportation network.

Keywords

Injury Risk Occupant Injury Impact Speed Side Impact Crash Test 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [28.1]
    Hobbs, C.A. and Williams, D.A., The development of the frontal offset deformable barrier test, Proceedings of the 14th Int. Techn. Conf on ESV, Paper No. 94-S8-O-06, Munich, Germany, 1994.Google Scholar
  2. [28.2]
    Thomas, P., Real world collisions and appropriate barrier tests, Proceedings of the 14th Int. Techn. Conf. on ESV, Paper No. 94-S8-W-19, Munich, Germany, 1450–1460, 1994.Google Scholar
  3. [28.3]
    Tarriere, C., Morvan, Y., Steyer, C. and Bellot, D., Accident research and experimental data useful for an understanding of the influence of car structural incompatibility on the risk of accident injuries, Proceedings of the 14th Int. Techn. Conf on ESV, Munich, Germany, 593–609, 1994.Google Scholar
  4. [28.4]
    O’Neill, B., Lund, A.K., Zuby, D.S. and Preuss, C.A., Offset frontal impacts-a comparison of real-world crashes with laboratory tests, Proceedings of the 14th Int. Techn. Conf on ESV, Paper No. 94-S4–O19; Munich, Germany, 649–670, 1994.Google Scholar
  5. [28.5]
    Tarriere, C., Car safety and ratings: comparative study of facts and practices -proposals, Proceedings of IRCOBI Conf. on Biomechanics; Lyon, France, 165–179, 1994.Google Scholar
  6. [28.6]
    Kullgren, A., Ydenius, A. and Tingvall, C., Frontal impacts with small partial overlap: real life data from crash recorders, Proceedings of the. 16th Int. Techn. Conf. on ESV, Paper No. 98-S1-O-13, Windsor, Canada, 1998.Google Scholar
  7. [28.7]
    Thomas, C., Foret-Bruno, J.Y., Brutel, G., LeCoz, J.Y., Got, C, and Patel, A., Front passenger protection: what specific requirements in frontal impact?, Proceedings of the IRCOBI Conf. on Biomechanics, Lyon, France, 205–216, 1994.Google Scholar
  8. [28.8]
    Buzeman, D.G., Viano, D.C. and Lovsund, P., Injury probability and risk in frontal crashes: the effect of sorting techniques on priorities for offset testing, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 30 (5), 583–595, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [28.9]
    Evans, L., Traffic Safety and the Driver, Van Nostrad Reinhold, 1991.Google Scholar
  10. [28.10]
    Broughton, J., The theoretical basis for comparing the accident record of car models, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 28, 89–99, 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [28.11]
    Gabler, H.C. and Hollowell, W.T., The crash compatibility of cars and light trucks, Journal of Crash Prevention and Injury Control, 2 (1), 19–31, 2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [28.12]
    Buzeman–Jewkes, D.G., Viano, D.C. and Lovsund, P., Use of repeated crash–tests to determine local longitudinal and shear stiffness of the vehicle front with crush, SAE Paper No. 1999–01–0637, Soc. Of Autom. Engineers, Warrendale, PA,, 1999.Google Scholar
  13. [28.13]
    Campbell, K.L., Energy basis for collision severity, SAE Paper No. SAE 740565, Soc. Of Autom. Engineers, Warrendale, PA, 1974.Google Scholar
  14. [28.14]
    Wood, D.P., Safety and the car size effect: a fundamental explanation, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 29, 139–151, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [28.15]
    Buzeman-Jewkes, D.G., Viano, D.C. and Lovsund, P., A Multi-body integrated vehicle-occupant model for compatibility studies in frontal crashes, Journal of Crash Prevention and Injury Control, 1 (2), 143–154, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [28.16]
    Buzeman, D.G., Viano, D.C. and Lovsund, P., Car occupant safety in frontal crashes: a parameter-study of vehicle mass, impact speed and inherent vehicle protection, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 30 (6), 713–722, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [28.17]
    Zeidler, F., The influence of frontal crash test speeds on the compatibility of passenger cars in real world accidents, Int. Symp. on RWCIR, Leicestershire, England, 1997.Google Scholar
  18. [28.18]
    Hobbs, C.A., Williams, D.A. and Coleman, D.J., Compatibility of cars in frontal and side impact, Proceedings of the 15th Conference on Enhanced Vehicle Safety, Paper No. 96-S4-O-05, Melbourne, Australia, 617–625, 1996.Google Scholar
  19. [28.19]
    MacLaughlin, T.F., Saul, R.A. and Daniel, S.Jr., Causes and measurement of vehicle aggressiveness in frontal collisions, Proceedings of the 24th Stapp Conference, Paper No. 801316, 639700, 1980.Google Scholar
  20. [28.20]
    Buzeman, D.G., Viano, D.C. and Lovsund, P., Occupant risk, partner risk and fatality rate in frontal crashes: estimated effects of changing vehicle fleet mass in 15 years. Journal of Crash Prevention and Injury Control, 2 (1), 1–10, 2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [28.21]
    Yang, J.K., Lovsund, P., Cavallero, C. and Bonnoit J., A human-body 3d mathematical model for simulation of car-pedestrian impacts, Journal of Crash Protection and Injury Control, 2 (2), 1 2000.Google Scholar
  22. [28.22]
    Reagan, J.A., Vehicle Compatibility With Roadside Safety Hardware, Public Roads, 59(2), Federal Highways Administration, Department of Transportation, 1995.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Buzeman-Jewkes
    • 1
  • R. W. Thomson
    • 1
  • D. C. Viano
  1. 1.Crash Safety Division; Department of Machine & Vehicle DesignChalmers University of TechnologyGoteborgSweden

Personalised recommendations