Advertisement

Rigid Multibody Systems: The Plastic Hinge Approach

  • J. A. C. Ambrósio
  • M. Seabra Pereira
  • J. F. A. Milho
Conference paper
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 423)

Abstract

Multibody systems are generally complex arrangements of structural and mechanical subsystems with different design purposes and mechanical behavior. Depending on the type of applications, operating speeds, external or internal loading of the components, the multibody system may experience small or large deformations that lead to a change of the system performance. This is well known in aerospace mechanisms where slender elements are present. Other cases include vehicle components under extreme conditions or machine rods operating at high speeds. The structures, on the other hand, may behave as multibody systems due to their large rotations or because they develop well defined mechanisms of deformation, as in crashworthiness applications.

Keywords

Rigid Body Multibody System Plastic Hinge Revolute Joint Kinematic Joint 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [16.1]
    Huston, R.L. and Wang, Y., Flexibility effects in multibody systems, In Computer Aided Analysis Of Rigid And Flexible Mechanical Systems, M. Pereira and J. Ambrosio (Eds.) NATO ASI Series E. Vol. 268, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 351–376, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [16.2]
    Kamal, M. M. Analysis and simulation of vehicle to barrier impact. SAE Paper No. 700414, Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale PA, 1970.Google Scholar
  3. [16.3]
    Nikravesh, P.E., Chung, I.S. and Benedict, R.L., Plastic hinge approach to vehicle simulation using a plastic hinge technique, J. Comp. Struct. 16, 385–400, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [16.4]
    Ambrosio, J.A.C., Pereira, M.S. and Dias, J., Distributed and discrete nonlinear deformations on multibody systems, Nonlinear Dynamics 10 (4), 359–379, 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [16.5]
    Kindervater, C.M., Aircraft and helicopter crashworthiness: design and simulation, In Crashworthiness Of Transportation Systems: Structural Impact And Occupant Protection, J.A.C. Ambrosio, M.S. Pereira and F.P Silva (Eds.), NATO ASI Series E. Vol. 332, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 525–577, 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [16.6]
    Haug, E.J. and Arora, J.S., Applied Optimal Design, John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York, 1979Google Scholar
  7. [16.7]
    Dias, J.P. and Pereira, M.S., Design for vehicle crashworthiness using multibody dynamics, Int. J. of Vehicle Design, 15 (6), 563–577, 1994Google Scholar
  8. [16.8]
    Nikravesh, P.E. Computer aided analysis of mechanical systems, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1988Google Scholar
  9. [16.9]
    Roberson, R.E. and Schwertassek, R., Dynamics Of Multibody Systems, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1988Google Scholar
  10. [16.10]
    Haug, E.J., Computer-Aided Kinematics And Dynamics Of Mechanical Systems Volume 1: Basic Methods, Allyn and Bacon, Boston, Massachusetts, 1989Google Scholar
  11. [16.11]
    Shabana, A., Dynamics Of Multibody Systems, John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York, 1989Google Scholar
  12. [16.12]
    Garcia de Jalon, J. and Bayo, E., Kinematic And Dynamic Simulation Of Multibody Systems - The Real Time Challenge, Springer-Verlag, New York, New York, 1993Google Scholar
  13. [16.13]
    Pereira M.S., Ambrosio J.A.C. (Eds.), Computer Aided Analysis Of Rigid And Flexible Mechanical Systems, NATO ASI Series E. Vol. 268, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1994Google Scholar
  14. [16.14]
    Kamal, M.M. and Lin K.H., Collision simulation, In Modern Automotive Structural Analysis, M.M. Kamal and J.A. Wolf (Eds.), Van Nostrand Reinhold Comp., New York, New York, 316–355, 1982Google Scholar
  15. [16.15]
    Shampine, L.F. and Gordon, M.K., Computer Solution Of Ordinary Differential Equations: The Initial Value Problem, V.H. Freeman and Co, San Francisco, California, 1975Google Scholar
  16. [16.16]
    Baumgarte, J., Stabilization of constraints and integrals of motion, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics Engineering, 1, 1–16, 1972ADSCrossRefMATHMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  17. [16.17]
    Murray, N.W., The static approach to plastic collapse and energy dissipation in some thin-walled steel structures, In Structural Crashworthiness, N. Jones and T. Wierzbicki (Eds.), Butterworths, London, Englend, 44–65, 1983Google Scholar
  18. [16.18]
    Ambrosio, J.A.C., Pereira, M.S. Multibody dynamic tools for crashworthiness and impact, In Crashworthiness Of Transportation Systems: Structural Impact And Occupant Protection, J.A.C. Ambrosio, M.S. Pereira and F.P Silva (Eds.), NATO ASI Series E. Vol. 332, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 475–521, 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [16.19]
    Matolcsy, M., Crashworthiness of bus structures and rollover protection. In Crashworthiness Of Transportation Systems: Structural Impact And Occupant Protection, J.A.C. Ambrosio, M.S. Pereira and F.P Silva (Eds.), NATO ASI Series E. Vol. 332, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 321–360, 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [16.20]
    Kecman, D., Bending collapse of rectangular and square section tubes, Int. J. of Mech. Sci, 25 (9–10), 623–636, 1983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [16.21]
    Anceau, J., Drazetic, P. and Ravalard, I. Plastic Hinges Behaviour in Multibody Systems, Mécanique Matériaux Électricité. n° 444, 1992Google Scholar
  22. [16.22]
    Winmer, A., Einfluß der belastungsgeschwindigkeit auf das festigkeitsund verformungsverhalten am beispiel von kraftfarhzeugen, ATZ, 77 (10), 281–286, 1977Google Scholar
  23. [16.23]
    Hertz, H., Gesammelte Werk, Leipzig, Germany, 1895.Google Scholar
  24. [16.24]
    Lankarani, H.M. and Nikravesh, P.E., Continuous contact force models for impact analysis in multibody systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, 5, 193–207, 1994Google Scholar
  25. [16.25]
    Lankarani, H.M., Ma, D. and Menon, R., Impact dynamics of multibody mechanical systems and application to crash responses of aircraft occupant/structure, In Computer Aided Analysis Of Rigid And Flexible Mechanical Systems, M. Pereira and J. Ambrosio (Eds.) NATO ASI Series E. Vol. 268, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 239–265, 1995.Google Scholar
  26. [16.26]
    Milho, J., Ambrosio, J. and Pereira M., A multibody methodology for the design of anti-climber devices for train crashworthiness simulation, In Proceedings of the International Crash Conference IJCRASH2000, London, United Kingdom, September 6–8, 2000.Google Scholar
  27. [16.27]
    ADT/SOR, Safetrain Train Crashworthiness for Europe,Task 4 Technical Document Project, 1998Google Scholar
  28. [16.28]
    European Rail Research Institute, Materiel Roulant Voyageurs, ERRI B 106/RP, Utrecht, 1995.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. C. Ambrósio
  • M. Seabra Pereira
    • 1
  • J. F. A. Milho
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Superior TécnicoInstituto de Engenharia MecânicaLisboaPortugal

Personalised recommendations