A Symmetric Hybrid Boundary Element Method for Acoustical Problems
The boundary element method (BEM) can be effectively used to solve mixed boundary value problems, as well as fluid-structure interaction problems. Among the advantages of BEM are the reduction of the problem dimension by one, high accuracy and the efficient treatment of problems with infinite domains. The direct BEM leads to a system of equations with dense and unsymmetric matrices. Thus, coupling with symmetric domain discretization techniques, such as finite element methods, is numerically inefficient. For this reason, alternative approaches are use herein derived from variational principles leading to symmetry by construction. By relaxing continuity between the fields on the boundary and those in the domain two multi-field variational principles have been formulated. Emerging from these variational principles, two Hybrid Boundary Element Methods (HBEM) were developed, the Hybrid Displacement Method and the Hybrid Stress Method, respectively. The choice of weighted fundamental solutions as domain approximations selected independently from polynomial approximations of boundary variables allow to map domain integrals in boundary integrals. Symmetric sytems of equations for frequency and time domain are obtained.
KeywordsFundamental Solution Boundary Element Method Acoustical Problem Domain Approximation Boundary Integral Formulation
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