Drives and Mechanisms Used in Robots

  • Adam Morecki
  • Józef Knapczyk
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 402)


Three main types of actuators are currently used in robots: pneumatic, hydraulic and electric, as well as different combinations of these three. Every robot is fitted with a system of actuators on the arms or in the joints, constituting a drive system.


Electric Motor Output Shaft Hydraulic Actuator Hydraulic Fluid Hydraulic Drive 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [9.1]
    Lhote F., Kauffman J. M, Andre, P. and Taillard J. P.: Robot Components and System. Vol. 4, Robot technology. London, Edited by P. Coiffet. Kogan Page, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [9.2]
    Jutord A., B, Betemps M.: Les Robots. 11 Paris, Hermes 1988.Google Scholar
  3. [9.3]
    Lammel L., Osiadacz A.: Pneumatic Transducers of Automatics Scientific. Techn. Publ., Warsaw 1978 (in Polish).Google Scholar
  4. [9.4]
    Niederlinski A.: Industrial Robots. School and Pedagog. Publ., Warsaw 1981 (in Polish).Google Scholar
  5. [9.5]
    Inter. Encyclopedia of Robotics: Applications and Automation. Vol. 1. Edited by R. C. Dorf, Willey 1988.Google Scholar
  6. [9.6]
    Electrical and Mechanical Elements of Automatics. Edited by J. Owczarek. Sc. Tech. Pub., Warsaw 1983.Google Scholar
  7. [9.7]
    Müller L.: Planetary Gears. Polish Sc. Pub., Warsaw 1983.Google Scholar
  8. [9.8]
    Control of Actuators in Robotic Mechanisms, Chap. 4. Vol. 1. Edited by R. C. Dorf, Willey 1988.Google Scholar
  9. [9.9]
    Proceed. of the 18th Inter-Symp. on Industrial Robots. Edited by C. W. Burckhardt. Lausanne, IFS, U. K, 1988.Google Scholar
  10. [9.10]
    Vertut J. Coiffet P.: Teleoperation and Robotics Applications and Technology, Robot Technology. Vol. 38. London — Paris — Lausanne, Hermes Publishing 1985.Google Scholar
  11. [9.11]
    Merle! J. P.: Les robots parallelés. Paris, Hermes 1990.Google Scholar
  12. [9.12]
    Coi ffét P.: La Robotique, principles et applications. Paris — London — Lausanne, Hermes 1986.Google Scholar
  13. [9.13]
    The IMP robots and their Applications. Robotics 2. Edited by J. Bué, Sc. Tech. Pub. Warsaw 1986.Google Scholar
  14. [9.14]
    Mianowski K., Nazarczuk K.: Parallel Drive Manipulator Arm. Proceed. of the 8th CISM-IFToMM Symp. on the Theory and Practice of Robots and Manipulators. Ro.Man.Sÿ 90, Cracow 1990 Pub. of Warsaw Univ. of Poland, 1992.Google Scholar
  15. [9.15]
    Afonow Ju. M: Elektroprivody Promyslennych Robotov. Moskva, Energoatomizdat, 1990.Google Scholar
  16. [9.16]
    Pizon A.: Hydraulic and Electrohydraulic Control Systems. Sc. Tech. Pub., Warsaw 1987.Google Scholar
  17. [9.17]
    Olszewski M: Modelladoptive Laneregelung von elektropneumatischen Servantrieben. FESTO Forschungsbericht Nr EP 1176/0149, Esslingen/Berkheim 1991.Google Scholar
  18. [9.18]
    Electrical Drive System. Edited by Z. Grunwald, Warsaw 1977.Google Scholar
  19. [9.19]
    McCallion H., Truong P. D.: The Analysis of Six “Degree” of Freedom Work Station for Mechanical Assembly. Proceedings of the IFToMM World Congress. Montreal 1979.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam Morecki
    • 1
  • Józef Knapczyk
    • 2
  1. 1.Warsaw University of TechnologyPoland
  2. 2.Cracow University of TechnologyPoland

Personalised recommendations