Modelling of Non-Linear Behaviour of a Road Embankment

  • P. Koskela
  • O. Ravaska
Conference paper
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 397)


A large number of methods applicable to the calculation of traffic load-induced stresses and strains are available today, but pavements are commonly designed using conventional, simplified methods. This paper deals with non-linear stresses and strains of a road embankment according to the Kenlayer program, which is used to analyse an elastic multilayer system of a flexible pavement under a circular loaded area. The program solves the stresses, strains and non-linear elastic moduli of the layers. FEM analyses are then carried out using the Plaxis program with a Mohr-Coulomb’s yield criterion. The influence of lateral stresses and Poisson’s ratio, which depend on the stress state, on the behaviour of the road embankment are analysed in particular. Finally, the calculation results are compared with results obtained by conventional means.


Earth Pressure Vertical Stress Asphalt Concrete Lateral Stress Deformation Modulus 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Koskela
    • 1
  • O. Ravaska
    • 1
  1. 1.University of OuluOuluFinland

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