Numerical Analysis of Deep Excavations

Influence of the Constitutive Model, Different Strut Levels and Wall Stiffness
  • M. G. Freiseder
  • H. F. Schweiger
Conference paper
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 397)


Finite element calculations for predicting deformations due to deep excavations are presented. As it is a much debated issue how complex the constitutive model has to be in order to obtain the results required from the practical point of view a numerical study is made for a deep excavation. The problem has been chosen such it can be regarded as a simplified analysis of a real construction site. The influence of the constitutive model is shown by comparing results obtained from a Mohr-Coulomb and a Hardening Soil model. In addition, the influence of different strut levels and the wall stiffness on deformation behaviour and bending moments is investigated.


Diaphragm Wall Deep Excavation Construction Sequence Wall Deflection Excavation Step 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. BRINKGREVE R.B.J. & P.A. VERMEER. PLAXIS — Finite Element Code for Soil and Rock Analyses. Version 7. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Brookfild (1998).Google Scholar
  2. OU C.-Y., D.-C. CHIUO & T.-S. WU (1996). Three — Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Deep Excavations. J. of Geotech. Engineering 122: 337–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. POTTS D.M. & A.B. FOURIE (1986). A numerical study of the effects of wall deformation on earth pressures. Int. J. Num. Anal. Meth. Geom. 10: 382–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. POWRIE W. & E.S.F. LI (1991). Finite element analyses of an in situ wall propped at formation level. Geotechnique 41: 499–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. WHITTLE A.J., Y.M.A. HASHASH & R.V. WHITMAN (1993). Analysis of deep excavation in Boston. J. of Geotech. Engineering 119: 69–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. WHITTLE A.J. & Y.M.A. HASHASH (1994). Soil modeling and prediction of deep excavation behavior. In (Shibuya et al. eds.), Proc. Int. Symp. Prefailure Deformation of Geomaterials: 589–594. Rotterdam, Balkema.Google Scholar
  7. SCHANZ T. (1997) Introduction to Hard Soil model. Proc. Course for experienced PLAXIS users. Stichting Postacademisch Onderwijs. Netherlands.Google Scholar
  8. SIMPSON B. (1992) Retaining Structures: displacement and design. Geotechnique 41: 541–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. G. Freiseder
    • 1
  • H. F. Schweiger
    • 1
  1. 1.Technical University GrazGrazAustria

Personalised recommendations