A Statistical Mechanical Formulation of Continuum Fields and Balance Relations for Granular and Other Materials with Internal Degrees of Freedom

  • B. Svendsen
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 400)


In the last fourty years or so, it has become increasingly apparent that the macroscopic behaviour of many materials may under various circumstances be significantly influenced by their fundamentally “heterogeneous” or “structured” nature. A particular class of such materials includes those whose “structure” is characterized by the ability to evolve or “move” relative to the material as a whole, i.e., by additional, internal degrees of freedom. Prominent examples of such materials include liquid crystals, polycrystals with texture, materials undergoing phase transitions, mixtures, as well as granular and porous materials, the subjects of this CISM course.


Granular Material Mass Point Momentum Balance Balance Relation Continuum Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Svendsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal Institute for Materials Research and TestingBerlinGermany

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