Column Base Modelling

Conference paper
Part of the International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 419)


The present chapter aims to give an overview of the recent progress made on the investigation of column bases with end plates and embedded column bases. The column base detailing, tolerances and modelling by application of the component method to column bases are herein introduced. The particular components are also described including their influence on the connection behavior. The basic principles in background of the column base classification and the strength design are presented. The procedure is illustrated on worked examples of frame design and a column base with base plate.


Base Plate Steel Column Concrete Block Effective Width Column Base 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. AISC (1978). Specification for the Design, Fabrication and Erection of Structural Steel for Buildings. New York: AISC.Google Scholar
  2. Akiyama, H., Kurosawa, M., Wakuni, N., and Nishimura, I. (1984). Strength and deformation of column bases embedded in base concrete. AU, 335: 45–53.Google Scholar
  3. Alma, J. G. J. and Bijlaard, F. S. K. (1980). Berekening van kolomvoetplaten. Rapport No. BI-8046/63.4. 3410. Delft: IBBC-TNO.Google Scholar
  4. Bijlaard, F. S. K. (1982). Rekenregels voor het ontwerpen van kolomvoetplaten en experimentele verificatie. Rapport No. BI-81–51/63.4. 3410. Delft: IBBC-TNO.Google Scholar
  5. CEB - Guide on the Design of Fastenings in Concrete (1994) draft. Part 1 - Provisions. Part 2 - Characteristic Resistance of Fastening with Post - Installed Expansion-and Undercut Anchors. Part 3 - Characteristic Resistance of Fastening with Cast - in Place Headed Studs. August.Google Scholar
  6. COST Cl (1999). Column Bases in Steel Building Frames (ed. Weynand K.), Brussels: E.U.Google Scholar
  7. DeWolf, J. T. (1978). Axially loaded column base plates. Journal of the Structural Division ASCE 104: 781–794.Google Scholar
  8. DeWolf, J. T. and Sarisley, E. F. (1980). Column base plates with axial loads and moments. Journal of the Structural Division ASCE 106: 2167–2185.Google Scholar
  9. DeWolf, J.T. and Ricker, D.T. (1990). Column Base Plates. Steel Design Guide - Series 1. Chicago: AISC.Google Scholar
  10. ENV 1090 (1996). Execution of steel structures - Part I, General rules and rules for buildings. European Prenorm. Brussels: C.E.N.Google Scholar
  11. Eurocode 2 (1992). ENV 1992–1–1, Part 1.1, Design of Concrete Structures. European Prestandard. European Committee for Standardization. Brussels: C.E.N.Google Scholar
  12. Eurocode 3 (1992). ENV 1993–1–1, Part 1.1, Design of Steel Structures. European Prestandard. European Committee for Standardization. Brussels: C.E.N.Google Scholar
  13. Eurocode 4 (1992). ENV 1994–1–1, Part 1.1, Design of Composite Steel and Concrete Structures. European Prestandard. European Committee for Standardization. Brussels: C.E.N.Google Scholar
  14. Hawkins, N. M. (1968). The bearing strength of concrete loaded through rigid plates. Magazine of Concrete Research, 20: 31–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hawkins, N. M. (1968). The bearing strength of concrete loaded through flexible plates. Magazine of Concrete Research, 20: 95–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hogan, T. J. and Thomas, I. R. (1990). Design of Structural Connections. A.C.N. 000 973 839. Sydney: Australian Institute of Steel Construction.Google Scholar
  17. Jaspart, J.P. (1991). Etude de la Semi-rigidité des Noeuds Poutre-colonne et son Influence sur la Résistance et la Stabilité des Ossatures en Acier. Ph.D. Thesis. Department MSM. Liège: University of Liège.Google Scholar
  18. Joints in Steel Construction, Moment Connections (1995). SCI, BCSA, No.207/95: 233, ISBN 1 85942 018 4.Google Scholar
  19. Koch, E., Mang, F., Schleich, J.B., Seiler, J. and Stiglat, K. (1993). Steel columns embedded in concrete foundation. Fourth International Conference on Structural Failure, Durability and Retrofitting. Singapore, 14–15 July 1993.Google Scholar
  20. Lambe, T. W. and Whitman, R.V. (1969). Soil Mechanics. MIT. New York.: John Wiley Sons, Inc.Google Scholar
  21. Lescouarc, ‘H Y, (1982). Les pieds de poteaux articules en acier. St.Rémy-lés-Chevreuse: CTICM, 163170.Google Scholar
  22. Lescouarc’, H Y. (1988). Les pieds de poteaux encastres en acier. St.Rémy-lés-Chevreuse: CTICM, 220228.Google Scholar
  23. Murray, T. M. (1983). Design of lightly loaded steel column base plates. Engineering Journal AISC, 20: 143–152.Google Scholar
  24. Nakashima, S. (1994). Steel column bases in Japan: Experimental research and design practice. In Proceedings of the Second State of the Art Workshop COST CI (ed. Wald F. ). Brussels: 247–258.Google Scholar
  25. Niyogi, S. K. (1973). Effect of side slopes on concrete bearing strength. Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE 104: 599–604.Google Scholar
  26. Pertold, J. (1997). Embedded Column Base. Doctoral Thesis. VUT. PrahaGoogle Scholar
  27. Pertold, J., Wald, F., and Xiao, R. (1999). Embedded column base. Journal of Structural Steel Research. London (in print).Google Scholar
  28. Pertold, J. (1999). Embedded Column Base. Introduction of Structural Steel Eurocodes into the Czech and Austrian Praxes. Praha: 59–71.Google Scholar
  29. Salmon, C. G., Schenker, L., and Johnston, G. J. (1957). Moment–rotation characteristics of column anchorages. Transaction ASCE, 122: 132–154.Google Scholar
  30. SBR (1973). Mortelvoegen in montagebouw. Rapport no. 34. Stichting Bouwreseach: Samson Alphen aan de Rijn.Google Scholar
  31. Schleich, J. B. and Wiry, A. (1999): Steel Columns Embedded in Concrete Foundations, EUR paper No: 16057, Brussels.Google Scholar
  32. SCI (1995). Joints in Simple Construction. Practical Application. BCSA, No.207/95:192.Google Scholar
  33. Shelson, W. (1957). Bearing capacity of concrete. Journal of the American Concrete Institute, 29: 405414.Google Scholar
  34. Sokol, Z. and Wald, F. (1997). Experiments with T-stubs in Tension and Compression. Research Report. Praha: CVUT.Google Scholar
  35. Steenhuis, M. (1994). Pre–design of semi-rigid joint in steel frame. In Proceeding of the Second State of the Art Workshop COST CI. Praha: 131–140.Google Scholar
  36. Stockwell, F. W. Jr. (1975). Preliminary base plate selection. Engineering Journal AISC 21: 92–99.Google Scholar
  37. Treiberg, T. (1987). Base plates (in Swedish). Pub. 101, Oct. Stockholm: Staalbyggnadsinstitutet, 1–99.Google Scholar
  38. Tschemmernegg, F. and Huber, G. (1994). Shear region on the panel zone of a composite Joint. Technical paper T 3/4. TU Insbruck.Google Scholar
  39. Wald, F. and Seifert, J. (1991). The column Base stiffness classification. In Nordic Steel Colloquium. Odensee: 413–421.Google Scholar
  40. Wald, F. (1993). Column Base Connections. A Comprehensive State of the Art Review. Praha: CVUT.Google Scholar
  41. Wald, F., Obata, M., Matsuura, S., and Goto, Y. (1993). Flexible base plates behaviour using FE strip analysis. Acta Polytechnica 33. Praha: CVUT, 83–98.Google Scholar
  42. Wald, F., Obata, M., Matsuura, S., and Goto Y. (1993). Prying of Anchor Bolts. Nagoya University Report: 241–249.Google Scholar
  43. Wald, F. (1995). Patky sloupû, Column Base. Praha: CVUT, 1–137.Google Scholar
  44. Wald, F., Bauduffe, N., Sokol, Z., and Muzeau, J. P. (1996). Pre-design model of column base stiffness. In Semi-Rigid Structural Connections IABSE. II.:11. Google Scholar
  45. Wald, F. and Sokol, Z. (1997). Column base stiffness classification. In SDSS 97–Colloquium Stability and Ductility of Steel Structures. Nagoya: 675–682.Google Scholar
  46. Wald, F. and Jaspart, J. P. (1998). Stiffness design of column bases. In 2nd World Conference on Steel on Construction. San Sebastian: paper No. 135.Google Scholar
  47. Zoetemeijer, P. (1985). Summary of the Researches on Bolted Beam-to-Column Connections. Report 685–7. Delft University of Technology.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Wald
    • 1
  1. 1.Czech Technical University in PraguePragueCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations