Microtubule Organization in Mitotic Cells



Mitosis, the process by which one cell divides into two genetically identical daughter cells, is the most basic process for the development and proliferation of living organisms. In eukaryotes, mitosis involves the transient organization of a sophisticated molecular machine, the bipolar spindle that orchestrates the segregation of the genetic material to the daughter cells. The spindle is a microtubule (MT)-based apparatus whose assembly and function rely on the fine modulation of MT intrinsic dynamic properties and on their spatial and temporal organization. In this chapter, we will focus on the mechanisms of spindle assembly and dynamics. We will discuss some current questions in the field and review the consequences of defective MT function in mitotic cells for human health.


Spindle Pole Spindle Assembly Bipolar Spindle Central Spindle Bipolar Spindle Assembly 



We apologize to all scientists whose primary work could not be cited due to space limitations. We thank all members of the Vernos lab for helpful comments and critical reading of this manuscript.


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© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cell and Developmental Biology ProgramCentre for Genomic Regulation (CRG), the Barcelona Institute of Science and TechnologyBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF)BarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Institució Catalana de Recerca I Estudis Avançats (ICREA)BarcelonaSpain

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