Governance in Space

  • Marco Aliberti
  • Stephen D. Krasner
Part of the Yearbook on Space Policy book series (YEARSPACE)


Governance structures are comprised of some combination of norms, rules, adjudication procedures, and enforcement mechanisms. Norms are general principles; rules are specific stipulations with regard to specific behaviours; adjudication procedures are established to decide when rules have been broken; enforcement mechanisms impose penalties when it has been determined that a rule has been violated. For instance in international trade the general principle informing the World Trade Organization is that free trade is good; a specific rule would refer, for instance, to the circumstances that define dumping or state subsidies; the dispute settlement mechanism of the WTO adjudicates disagreements about the rules; the enforcement mechanism in the WTO is the withdrawal of concessions. Governance structures are necessary in situations where the unconstrained behaviour of actors will result in sub-optimal outcomes; situations in which without governance structures the Pareto frontier would not be reached.


Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Pareto Frontier Exclusive Economic Zone Space Debris 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.European Space Policy InstituteViennaAustria
  2. 2.Graham H. Stuart Professor of International RelationsStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  3. 3.Freeman Spogli InstitutionStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  4. 4.Hoover InstitutionStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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