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Seeking a Holistic View of Early Emerging Metazoans: The Power of Modularity

  • Thomas C. G. Bosch
  • David J. Miller
Chapter

Abstract

In our tour of early emerging metazoans, we have seen that a coral colony may be rooted in a given place, but it is never lonely. There are symbiotic algae and bacteria living in, on, and near it. We also have seen that arranging a simple organism as a metaorganism of several self-coordinating parts can confer fitness and help to sustain periods of changing environmental conditions. We even came to the point to accept that life is fundamental multi-organismal. And we have seen some of the ways holobionts become fragile and break.

Keywords

Stem Cell Factor Tissue Homeostasis Coral Colony Symbiotic Alga Simple Organism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bosch TC (2014) Rethinking the role of immunity: lessons from Hydra. Trends Immunol 35(2014):495–502CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Gilbert SF, Bosch TC, Ledón-Rettig C (2015) Eco-Evo-Devo: developmental symbiosis and developmental plasticity as evolutionary agents. Nat Rev Genet 16(10):611–622CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas C. G. Bosch
    • 1
  • David J. Miller
    • 2
  1. 1.Zoological InstituteChristian Albrechts Universitätzu KielKielGermany
  2. 2.ARC Cnt. of Execl. for Coral Reef Stud.James Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia

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