Water in the climate system

  • Elisa Palazzi
  • Antonello Provenzale
Part of the CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences book series (CISM, volume 564)


Water is an essential element of climate, owing to its dynamical and thermodynamical effects. Water is, in addition, one of the main fluids active in the climate system: oceans, ice sheets and glaciers, snow and atmospheric water (in vapor, liquid or solid form) and the whole hydrological cycle are at the heart of the workings of the Earth System. In these short notes, we shall describe just a few of the many ways water enters the fluid dynamics of climate.


Climate System Hydrological Cycle Water Cycle North Atlantic Oscillation Global Climate Model 
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Copyright information

© CISM, Udine 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisa Palazzi
    • 1
  • Antonello Provenzale
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, CNRTorinoItaly
  2. 2.Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, CNRPisaItaly

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