Aircraft Characteristics

  • Dieter Schmitt
  • Volker Gollnick


The chapter starts with different ways of aircraft classification systems. The principles of cabin design follow, as the cabin is the important interface for the airline to the customer and where differentiation between business and leisure travellers for different comfort levels can be implemented. The principles of flight are outlined without going too much into technical details. The atmosphere around the earth is characterized and the standard atmosphere as basis for lift and drag calculation is introduced. Flight controls and their function to operate the aircraft are described. The aircraft structure, which is under a constant challenge to be minimized for a given task, and the major aircraft components are defined. The aero jet engine principle is outlined, being still a major component for further amelioration of fuel consumption. Aircraft performance and mission elements like payload range and flight envelope are specified. The Breguet formula, which characterizes the main parameters for an efficient cruise flight, is a simple but very important formula for the aircraft design.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ARTS-DS Aeronautical Reserach & Technology ServiceFrankfurt/MainGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Air Transportation SystemsTechnical University Hamburg-HarburgHamburgGermany

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