Challenges and Competition of Air Transport

  • Dieter Schmitt
  • Volker Gollnick


This chapter gives a global view of the challenges of future air transport starting first with a reflection of the ACARE Vision 2020 and Flightpath 2050 goals. The situation and perspective of energy demand and provision for air transport addresses especially the current developments in alternative fuels. A deeper look is provided at the structural and competitive situation of multimodal transport in various regions of the world. This provides a basis to assess market potentials of air transport. Some perspectives in different aviation technologies are discussed to provide a basis to assess future opportunities. A further section describes an integrated systems and technology approach to optimize the introduction of technologies across different stakeholders and substructures in the air transport system. At the end the chapter concludes with some changes and measures which should appear to realize a more efficient and competitive air transport system.


Aircraft Movement Multimodal Transport Natural Laminar Flow Flexible Aircraft Alternative Energy Carrier 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    ACARE: European Aeronautics: Vision for 2020. (2001). Accessed 27 Feb 2011
  2. 2.
    D‘Angelo, M., Gallman, J., Johnson, V., et al.: N+3 Small commercial efficient and quiet transport for year 2030–2035, NASA/CR-2010-216691 final report for contract NNC08CA85C, 1 May 2010Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    NASA: NASA & the next generation air transport system (NEXTGEN). Accessed 26 July 2006
  4. 4.
    Plath, F.: Analysis and summary of various market forecast of civil avaition und development of a data base for individual data analysis. DLR Institute of Air Transport Systems, Technical University Hamburg, LK-BA-02/2008, Hamburg (2008) (in German)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    European Commission: Flightpath 2050 Europe’s vision for aviation report of the high level group on aviation research, Brussels. (2011). Accessed 31 Aug 2014
  6. 6.
    Nolte, P., Gollnick, V.: Future of Aviation—Vision 2020—a midterm resumee. Symposium of the Institute of Air Transport Systems, Hamburg, 30–31 Aug 2011Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Toh, M.: Comac’s sights on single –aisle sector, Flight International, 20–26 Nov 2012Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Meadows, D.-H., Meadows, D.-L., Randers, J., Behrens, W.: The limits to growth, Universe Books (1972). ISBN 0-87663-165-0Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    ASPO: World oil and gas production, Ireland Association for the study of peak oil & gas. (2013). Accessed 04 Jan 2013
  10. 10.
    IEA: Energy technology perspectives, International Energy Agency. Accessed 04 Jan 2013
  11. 11.
    Kuhn, H., Falter, C., Sizmann, A.: Renewable energy perspectives for aviation. In: Proceedings of the 3rd CEAS Air & Space Conference, Venice, Italy (2011)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nittinger, N.: Value anaylsis of HVL and BtL bio fuel production chains for aviation. Master Thesis, IB-328-2011.25, Institute for Air Transport Systems, Technical University Hamburg, Harburg (in German)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dagett, D.: Alternate fuels for commercial aviation, Boeing Company, Greenfuel Workshop, Cleveland, 18 Oct 2007Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gollnick, V.: Air Transport Systems, Lecture Series. Institute for Air Transport, Technical University Hamburg, Hamburg (2013)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Isfort, J., Nittinger, N., Gollnick, V.: Imapct of HVO-Fuel Characteristics on the Payload Range Performance, Conference Paper, German Aerospace Congress 2012, Berlin, 12–14 Sept 2012 (in German)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wikipedia: Commercial biofuel flight demonstrations. Accessed 3 April 2013
  17. 17.
    Niedzballa, H., Schmitt, D.: Comparison of the specific energy demand of aeroplanes and other vehicle systems, Aircraft Design 4/2001, Elsevier, pp. 163–178Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wicke, K., Wunderlich, T.: Mission and economic analysis of aircraft with natural laminar flow technology. In: AIAA 11th Aviation Technology Integration and Operation Conference, Virgina Beach, 20–23 Sept 2011Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schmitt, D.: Air transport 2025 chances and challenges for Eastern Europe. In: Proceedings of READ Conference in Brno (2012)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
    Wikipedia: United States highspeed railway system, Accessed 21 Mar 2013
  23. 23.
    Knie, A. Marz, L., Wagner, H.-C., Wolf, J.: People Republic of China: Perspectives for Mobility in the 21 Century. In: Int. Verkehrswesen, vol. 60. Deutsche Verkehrswissenschaftliche Gesellschaft (2008) (in German)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Siemens: Faster to the future. J. Complete Mobility Siemens 5. (2010)
  25. 25.
    Gollnick, V.: Potential for transport efficiency improvements of aviation transport systems. In: 25th International Council of Aeronautical Sciences, (ICAS), Hamburg, 11–13 Sept 2006Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gollnick, V.: Customer perspectives in aviation—a process oriented view. In: Hamburg Aviation Conference on Conference Key Note, 22–24 Feb 2012Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Gollnick, V.: The aircraft of the future—Flying 2050. Guest Lecture University Zurich, 30 Oct 2012 (in German)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Brunet, M., deBoer, A., Gollnick, V., et. al.: The EREA vision on high priority research axes towards Air transport System 2050, Paper 229. In: 28th International Congress of the Aeronautical Sciences, Brisbane, 23–27 Sept 2012Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    EREA: From air transport system 2050 vision to planning for research and innovation, European research establishment association, Brussels., (2012). Accessed 11 Apr 2013
  30. 30.
    Gollnick, V.: The blended wing body—a green future air transport concept, Greener Skies Ahead, Berlin, 13 Sept 2012Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Learmount, D.: ICAO warns of ATM paralysis, Flight International, 27 Nov–3 Dec 2012, flightglobal.comGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Griffin, M.D.: System engineering and the two cultures of engineering, Boeing Lecture, Purdue University. http://www.spacecom/news/viewsr.html?pid=23775 (2007). Accessed 18 Aug 2011
  33. 33.
    Gollnick, V., Stumpf, E., Lehner, S., Szodruch, J.: Virtual Integration Platforms (VIP)—a concept for integrated interdisciplinary air transport research and assessment. In: AIAA 11th Aviation Technology Integration and Operation Conference, Virgina Beach, 20–23 Sept 2011Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    N.N.: Growing in significance: biofuel flight testing, aviation and the environment, Issue Feb.-March 01/2009. ISSN 1755-9421
  35. 35.
    Hirschel, E., Prem, H., Madelung, G.: Aviation research in Germany, Bernhard und Graefe Publishing (2001) (in German)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    La Rocca, G., van Tooren, M.: Knowledge based engineering to support aircraft interdisciplinary design and optimization. J. Aerosp. Eng. 224, 1041–1055 (2010)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Schumann, U.: Atmospheric Physics, Springer (2012). ISBN 978-3-642-30182-7Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ARTS-DS Aeronautical Reserach & Technology ServiceFrankfurt/MainGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Air Transportation SystemsTechnical University Hamburg-HarburgHamburgGermany

Personalised recommendations