Environmental Aspects of Air Transport



This chapter introduces environmental impacts of aviation. Starting with principle considerations, major emphasis is given to explain the physical effects of CO2, NO x , and contrails. Further, measurement methods to classify the environmental compatibility of engines are introduced including measures to improve the environmental compatibility. Aircraft noise as another major aspect is considered starting with a physical and mathematical explanation. Also, various sound metrices are introduced to provide an understanding of the sound impact. Regulatory requirements as well as measurement methods and criteria are discussed. Lastly, measures to reduce noise sources are discussed.


Sound Pressure Sound Pressure Level Climate Impact Nitrogen Oxide Radiative Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ARTS-DS Aeronautical Reserach & Technology ServiceFrankfurt/MainGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Air Transportation SystemsTechnical University Hamburg-Harburg HamburgGermany

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