The Air Transport System

  • Dieter Schmitt
  • Volker Gollnick


This chapter provides a broad entrance to transportation and the high level aspects of air transport. Starting with a description of the air transport system and its surroundings, the passenger expectations concerning highly attractive air transportation are explained. Further, the development of mobility and the principle transport chain are presented. Based on the global economic development of populations, the evolution of air transport and the general impact on climate are given. An introduction to high level global challenges as given in ACARE Vision 2020 or NextGen follows. A systems-based view of air transport and definitions of the roles of the most relevant stakeholders provide the way of thinking presented in this book. The chapter ends with a description of how performances can be described and measured to improve the air transport system.


Transport Vehicle Aircraft Movement General Aviation Airport Capacity Seat Capacity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Janic, M.: The Sustainability of Air Transport, 1st edn. Ashgate publishing company, Farnham (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    ACARE: European aeronautics: vision for 2020. (2001). Accessed 27 Feb 2011
  3. 3.
    European commission: flightpath 2050—Europe’s vision for aviation. Accessed 02 July 2013
  4. 4.
    Gollnick, V.: Comparative assessment of different transport systems, Ph.-D. Thesis, Institute for Aviation Technologies, TU Munich (April 2004)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gollnick, V.: Potential for transport efficiency improvements of aviation transport systems. In: Paper 99, 25th ICAS World Congress, Hamburg, 3–8 Sept 2006Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    ATAG: the economic and social benefits of air transport 2008, Air transport action group, 22 Route de l`Aèroport, P.O. Box 49, 1215 Geneva 15, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Airbus: global market forecast. Accessed 28 Feb 2013
  8. 8.
    Boeing: current market outlook. Accessed 25 Nov 2013
  9. 9.
    Nolte, P., Gollnick, V.: ACARE2020—A half time resumee, 2nd symposium about future air transport, Institute of Air Transport Systems, German Aerospace Center at the Technical University of Hamburg, Hamburg (Sept 2011)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Eurocontrol: Eurocontrol—seven-year forecast, Eurocontrol.–2030 (Sept 2012)
  11. 11.
    Madlener, R.: Saving energy through improvements in efficiency is an illusion in a growing system. Energiewirtschaftliche Tagesfragen, 62(8), (August 2012) (in German)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pfeiffer, U.: Report2012—energy efficiency and climate protection. Bundesverband der Deutschen Luftverkehrswirtschaft, Berlin (2012) (in German)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Meadows, D.H., Randers D.L., et al.: The Limits to Growth. Universe Books, New York. ISBN:0-87663-165-0 (1972)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    NASA: NASA & The Next Generation Air Transport System (NextGen). Accessed 26 July 2006
  15. 15.
    Gollnick, V., Szodruch, J., Stumpf, E.: ATS beyond 2020, EREAnet forum the green air transport system, Bonn, Germany, 31 Oct 2007Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gollnick, V.: Environmental aspects of air transport future technologies & prospects, Presentation at the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau, Frankfurt (Sept 2007)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gollnick, V.: Air transport systems, Lecture Series, Technical university Hamburg-Harburg (2011)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Schilling, T.: A systems engineering approach to define the air transport system, Institute of Air Transport Systems, Technical University Hamburg-Harburg, IB-328-2009-09, Hamburg (2009) (in German)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mensen, H.: Handbuch der Luftfahrt (Aviation Manual), 1st edn. Springer Publishing, Berlin (2003). (in German)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Plath, F.: Analysis and synthesis of civil aviation market forecasts in a database, Institute of Air Transport Systems, Technical University Hamburg-Harburg, IB-328-2008-06, Hamburg (2008) (in German)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gollnick, V., Langhans, S., Stumpf, E.: A holistic approach to evaluate the air transport system. In: 26th ICAS World Congress, Anchorage (Sept 2008)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    N.N.: Definition of efficiency and effectiveness. Accessed 13 Dec 2012
  23. 23.
    Wensveen, J.G.: Air transport—a management perspective, 6th edn, Ashgate publishing company, Farnham (2007)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Eurocontrol: single European sky (SES) regulations—regulatory report for performance review, 2.0 edn. Eurocontrol, p. 17 (August 2006)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Langhans, S.: A systems-engineering based methodology for economic ATS concepts assessment, Ph.-D. Thesis, Institute of Air Transport Systems, Technical University Hamburg-Harburg, DLR Research Report DLR-FB-2013-04, Hamburg, ISSN:1434-8454 (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ARTS-DS Aeronautical Research & Technology ServiceFrankfurt/MainGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Air Transportation SystemsTechnical University Hamburg-HarburgHamburgGermany

Personalised recommendations