Engine Configuration and Balance

  • Kevin Hoag
  • Brian Dondlinger
Part of the Powertrain book series (POWERTRAIN)


Once the fuel type, engine operating cycle, total displacement, and supercharging decisions have been made for a new engine, the next tasks will be to decide upon the number of cylinders over which the displacement will be divided, and the orientation of the cylinders. The factors that must be considered include cost and complexity, reciprocating mass and required engine speed, surface-to-volume ratio, pumping losses, packaging, and the balancing of mechanical forces. The majority of this chapter will address the mechanical forces and engine balancing as this is a key factor explaining why particular numbers and orientations of cylinders are repeatedly chosen.


Combustion Chamber Engine Speed Main Bearing High Engine Speed Piston Speed 
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  1. Heisler, H.: Advanced Engine Technology. SAE Press, Warrendale (1995)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Vienna 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Southwest Research InstituteSan AntonioUSA
  2. 2.MilwaukeeUSA

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