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T-Type Calcium Channels and Management of Pain

  • Brian M. Keyser
Chapter

Abstract

T-type Ca2+ channels exhibit small, transient currents that are relatively insensitive to dihydropyridines and exhibit “window current” in the physiological range for voltage. A role for T-type Ca2+ channels in nociceptor sensitization was reported in 2001, an effect confirmed in studies using Cav3.1 and Cav3.2 knockout animals. The Cav3.2 channel is involved in both central and peripheral termini of primary afferent neurons and is now considered an important player in the processing of pain. The analgesic effect of T-type calcium channels has been tested in different pain models. In addition to neuropathic pain reduction, the inhibition of T-type calcium channels is efficacious in formalin injection into the hind paw, which models an acute inflammatory pain. T-type Ca2+ channel blockers also produce a dose-dependent reduction in IBS-induced pain in a rat model of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). T-type Ca2+ channel antagonists present obvious advantages over opioid analgesics; they directly act on the cytoplasmic membrane of neurons and most likely from the extracellular side. Therefore their antinociceptive effect may not cause profound drug tolerance and dependence.

Keywords

Neuropathic Pain Irritable Bowel Syndrome Diabetic Neuropathy Spinal Nerve Ligation Formalin Injection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian M. Keyser
    • 1
  1. 1.Cellular and Molecular Biology BranchU.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense Research DivisionAberdeen Proving GroundUSA

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