• Wenbing HuEmail author


Atoms unite into a giant molecule with a given name “Macromolecule”. A life system adopts it for gene inheritance, energy storage and organ construction. Physicists recognize its chain-like structure. Brownian motion makes its soft materials. The key to understand its behavior is the mimic of chain conformation to the trajectory of random walks. Therefore as the paradigms, the Gaussian function describes the entropy of single-chain conformation, and the Flory-Huggins lattice theory calculates the entropy of multi-chain conformation.


Natural Rubber Soft Matter Chain Conformation Polymer Physic Cohesive Energy Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Binnig G, Rohrer H (1986) Scanning tunneling microscopy. IBM J Res Dev 30:355–369Google Scholar
  2. Boltzmann L (1872) Weitere Studien über das Wörmegleichgewicht unter Gasmolekülen. Sitzungsberichte Akad Wiss, Vienna, part II 66:275–370Google Scholar
  3. Dalton J (1808) A new system of chemical philosophy. Part 1. Manchester, Printed by S. Russell for R. Bickerstaff, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. de Gennes PG (1992) Soft matter. Rev Mod Phys 64:645–648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. de Gennes PG (2005) Soft matter: more than words. Soft Matter 1:16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Einstein A (1905) Über die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Wärme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Flüssigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen. Ann Phys 17:549–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jenkins AD, Kratochvíl P, Stepto RFT, Suter UW (1996) Glossary of basic terms in polymer science. Pure Appl Chem 68:2287–2311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kuhn T (1996) The structure of scientific revolutions, 3rd edn. The University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  9. Lavoisier AL (1783) Essays on the effects produced by various processes on atmospheric air: with a particular view to an investigation of the constitution of the acids (trans: Henry T). WarringtonGoogle Scholar
  10. Lehn J-M (1995) Supramolecular chemistry: concepts and perspectives. Wiley-VCH, WeinheimCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Rupp R (2005) Four elements: water air fire Earth. Profile Books Ltd, LondonGoogle Scholar
  12. Staudinger H (1920) Über Polymerisation. Ber dtsch Chem Ges A/B 53:1073–1085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Staudinger H (1953) Macromolecular chemistry: nobel lecture. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm,
  14. Wunderlich B (1990) Thermal analysis. Academic, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Polymer Science and Engineering School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringNanjing UniversityNanjingChina, People’s Republic

Personalised recommendations