Cell Organelle Structure and Function in Alpine and Polar Plants are Influenced by Growth Conditions and Climate



The alpine environment requires high flexibility in morphology, anatomy, cell structures and physiology for all biological life forms that grow and propagate there. These demands also characterize most of the polar environments. Alpine and polar plants have been studied in several ecophysiological and physiological aspects, especially to describe the light- or temperature adaptations of their unique growth environments (Amils et al.


Snow Cover Alpine Plant Growth Site Polar Plant Alpine Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Anti-radical power


Alfred Wegener institute for polar research


Chloroplast protrusion


Photosynthetic optimum quantum yield


Light microscopy


Photosynthetic active radiation


Photo system II


Scanning electron microscopy


Transmission electron microscopy



The authors thank the Ny-Ålesund International Research and Monitoring Facility for their support. Financial support by the Norsk Polar Institute and the LSF for C. L. and A. H. is kindly acknowledged. We also thank Ch. Wiencke and his group from the AWI for the possibility to be guests at their research stations in Svalbard (High Arctic) and on King George Island (Antarctica). Part of this work was supported by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) to C.L.


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© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of BotanyUniversity of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  2. 2.German Aerospace Center Project Management AgencyBonnGermany

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