Basic Concepts of Nonlinear and Photorefractive Optics

  • Cornelia Denz


Nonlinear optics are not part of our everyday experience. Their discovery and investigation became possible only after the invention of strong energy sources, especially the laser. Although the concept of laser radiation was already formulated by A. Einstein at the beginning of the century, it was not realized and developed until the early sixties. Often, the discovery of second-harmonic generation in 1961 by Franken et al. is taken as the beginning of the field of nonlinear optics, which dates only shortly after the invention of the first laser by Maiman in 1960. Therefore, the field of nonlinear optics is a rather new one and still in the state of expansion.


Pump Wave Phase Conjugation Beam Coupling Photorefractive Effect Space Charge Field 
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Further Reading

  1. 1.
    D.L. Mills, Nonlinear optics — basic concepts, Springer Verlag, Berlin (1991). A short, concise overview over the principle phenomena — well suited for beginners.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H.M. Gibbs, G. Khinovc, N. Peyghambarian, Nonlinear Photonics, Springer Series in Photonics and Electronics (1990). A good introduction to the field with explanations of the basic principles.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P.N. Butcher, D. Cotter, The elements of nonlinear optics, Cambridge studies in nonlinear optics, Vol.9 (1991) . A good overview over nonlinear optical phenomena, with an excellent introduction to the mathematical notation of nonlinear optics. Many interesting examples of applications of nonlinear optical devices are given.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y. Shen, The principles of nonlinear optics, Wiley & Sons (1984) . A well-written and comprehensive introduction to nonlinear optics.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Yeh, Introduction to photorefractive nonlinear optics, Wiley & Sons (1993). An excellent, complete introduction to all important properties of photorefraction and phase conjugation — well-written and easy to understand.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    B.Y. Zel’dovic, N.F. Pilipisky, V.V. Shkunov, Principles of Phase Conjugation, Springer series in optical sciences (1988) . A good overview over the different mechanisms to realize optical phase conjugation.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. Günter, J.P. Huignard, Eds., Photorefractive Materials and their applications, Vol. I, II, Springer Series Topics in Applied Physics, vol. 61, vol. 62 (1987/ 1989) . The first comprehensive summary of photorefractive material properties, effects and devices as feedback systems and memories.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R.A. Fisher, Ed., Optical phase conjugation, Academic Press, New York (1986). A basic textbook introducing in the field of optical phase conjugation with special emphasize on photorefractive four-wave mixing.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.P. Petrov, S.I. Stepanov, A.V. Khomenko, Photorefractive Crystals in Coherent Optical Systems, Springer Verlag, Berlin (1991) . An easy-to-read introduction into the basic applications of photorefractive optics, including a lot of examples of dynamic holography applications.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cornelia Denz
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Angewandte Optik, AG Photorefraktive OptikTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

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