What have optics to do with mathematical algorithms for neural networks? In order to compute, we need to transport data from place to place, connect components together, store data and be able to switch on and off. All these features seem to be realized in an easy way by electronic components as there are wires or conducting pathways on silicon, electrical junctions, a memory and the transistor. However, for the purpose of neural networks, there are many practical difficulties in implementation. The most obvious of these is that neural networks require by their nature an adaptive feature, which means that they are able to distinguish between states and change their decision rules themselves as necessary. It is very difficult to implement such a feature in integrated circuit technology. Moreover, the high interconnectivity also demands a lot of effort in electronics.
KeywordsInput Pattern Biological Neural Network Integrate Circuit Technology High Interconnectivity Simple Processing Element
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