The Republic of Lebanon is one of the smallest sovereign nations in the world. Its area is about 10,000 square kilometers, and its population is thought to be about 1,600,000 persons. Map 1 indicates Lebanon’s location along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean. With a western “border” consisting of about 210 kilometers of rocky shoreline immediately north of Israel, Lebanon extends eastward at most to a depth of about 115 kilometers, and includes Mount Lebanon and the parallel Anti-Lebanon range. Although mostly mountainous, Lebanon does have some coastal plains in its northern and southern extremities and in the valley between the two mountain ranges. Mount Lebanon, which at one point reaches an altitude of about 3,230 metres above sea level, receives about 75 cm. of rain during the winter months of each year, but desiccation increases in all directions from it, especially to the east.


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© Westdeutscher Verlag Köln und Opladen 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Gulick

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