Contaminated Land Liability Regime in the UK: General Concerns for Developing Contaminated Land Liability System in China



This chapter takes a closer look at the contaminated land liability regime of the UK. After reviewing the legal frameworks concerning contaminated land issue of the UK, this Chapter reveals the basic elements of its contaminated land liability regime. Particularly, the establishment of pollution linkage, several key concepts, criteria for identifying liability, procedural provisions for identifying liabilities and liability standards have been discussed.


Appropriate person Class A person Class B person Contaminated land Pollution linkage 


  1. Bell, S., & McGillivray, D. (2008). Environmental Law (7th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Defra (2004). Remediation of Land Affected by Contamination - A Regulatory Summary Consultation Document 2004. London: Defra Publications.Google Scholar
  3. Defra (2010). Public Consultation on Changes to the Contaminated Land Regime under Part 2A of the Environmental Protection Act 1990. Accessed January 6 2019.
  4. Defra (2012). Environmental Protection Act 1990: Part 2A-Contaminated Land Statutory Guidance UK: HMGovernment.Google Scholar
  5. Defra (September 2006). Defra Circular 01/2006 Environmental Protection Act 1990: part 2A contaminated land. London: Defra.Google Scholar
  6. Department for Environment, F. a. R. A. D. (July 2008). Guidance on the Legal Definition of Contaminated Land Google Scholar
  7. Dunn, A. (2000). The Voluntary Sector, the State and the Law. Oxford; Portland, Or.: Hart Publishing.Google Scholar
  8. Fogelman, V. M. (2005a). Environmental Liabilities And Insurance In England And The United States (Vol. 1). London: Witherby.Google Scholar
  9. Fogelman, V. M. (2005b). Feature: Part IIA and Circular Facilities Case Shows that Care Must be Taken over Liability for Remediation. Accessed March 18 2019.
  10. Fogleman, V. (2014a). The Contaminated Land Regime: Time For A Regime That Is Fit For Purpose (Part 1). International Journal of Law in the Built Environment, 6(1/2), 43-68, Scholar
  11. Fogleman, V. (2014b). The Contaminated Land Regime: Time For A Regime That Is Fit For Purpose (Part 2). International Journal of Law in the Built Environment, 6(1/2), 129-151, Scholar
  12. Lawrence, D., & Lee, R. (2003). Permitting Uncertainty: Owners, Occupiers And Responsibility For Remediation. The Modern Law Review, 66(2), 261-276, Scholar
  13. Marks, J. H. (2001). Environmental Liability of Lenders in England: Is the Tide Coming in?. North Carolina Journal of International Law and Commercial Regulation, 27(1), 1-29.Google Scholar
  14. Office, D. o. t. E. a. t. W. (1994). Framework for Contaminated Land: Outcome of the Government’s Policy Review and Conclusions from the Consultation Paper Paying for Our Past. London.Google Scholar
  15. Rice, P. (2001). Contaminated Land Cleanup in the UK – Shades of Superfund? The New Liability Regime and Lenders. Environmental Claims Journal, 13(4), 191-199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tromans, S. (2008). Contaminated land. London: Sweet & Maxwell.Google Scholar
  17. Wolf, S., & Stanley, N. (2011). Wolf and Stanley on environmental law (5th ed.). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Law and JusticeUniversity of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia

Personalised recommendations