Basics of Outcome Assessment in Clinical Research

  • Monique C. Chambers
  • Sarah M. Tepe
  • Lorraine A. T. Boakye
  • MaCalus V. HoganEmail author


The tracking of clinical outcomes allows healthcare organizations to identify variations in the delivery of care in order to properly align healthcare practices within an organization. An outcome measure is the result of a test that is used to objectively determine the baseline function of a patient at the beginning of treatment. The most useful outcomes should be measurable based on discrete parameters and time points. Outcomes in healthcare are no longer solely limited to the quality of care provided but also reflect the service as experienced by the patient. Self-reported outcome measures were developed to gather information based on patient experience and perception. Patient-reported outcomes create an environment that fosters shared decision-making. Decisions made with patient input often make the patient feel more at ease because he or she can converse with a clinician about the treatment. With clinical implications at the forefront of outcome research study design, researchers are better equipped to develop the right questions and collect the appropriate data to address the root cause of differences in patient outcomes.


Clinical outcomes Patient-reported outcomes Clinical assessment Outcome measures 


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Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monique C. Chambers
    • 1
  • Sarah M. Tepe
    • 2
  • Lorraine A. T. Boakye
    • 2
  • MaCalus V. Hogan
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Foot and Ankle Injury Research [F.A.I.R] Group, Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

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