Design and Analysis of Energy Efficient Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) for Health Monitoring

  • Aakriti KhannaEmail author
  • Vaibhav Chaudhary
  • Sindhu Hak Gupta
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10990)


Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) is an upcoming research area of Wireless Sensor Networks. In WBAN, wireless sensors are either implanted within human body or worn over body to examine physiological strictures like blood pressure rate, body temperature, blood glucose level. Main emphasis is laid on making WBAN energy efficient. Network stability and increased throughput are also areas of prime concern for WBAN. Modified SIMPLE (Stable Increased Multi-hop Protocol Link Efficiency) cluster level protocol (M-SIMPLE) has been proposed and implemented. M-SIMPLE is capable of performing single and multi-hop whereas in most of the other existing protocols either of the one is possible. A cost function is required to select a parent node which comprises maximum residual energy and has minimum distance from sink. Optimal number of cluster heads are chosen to increase the efficiency. Improved stability and packet delivery is achieved which further improves the efficiency of the network.


  1. 1.
    Nadeem, Q., Javaid, N., Mohammad, S.N., Khan, M.Y., Sarfraz, S., Gull, M.: SIMPLE: stable increased-throughput multi-hop protocol for link efficiency in wireless body area networks, broadband and wireless computing. In: 2013 Eighth International Conference Communication and Applications (BWCCA), pp. 221–226 (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sharma, R., Ryait, H.S., Gupta, A.K.: Performance analysis of ATTEMPT, SIMPLE and DEEC routing protocols in WBAN. Int. J. Latest Trend Eng. Technol. (IJLTET) 6(2), 133–139 (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Elias, J., Mehaoua, A.: Energy-aware topology design for wireless body area networks. In: IEEE ICC 2012 - Selected Areas in Communications Symposium, pp. 3409–3410 (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks-Part 15.6: Wireless Body Area Networks, IEEE Standard 802.15.6-2012,802.15 Working Group, February 2012Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ahmad, J., Zafar, F.: Review of body area network technology & wireless medical monitoring. Int. J. Inf. Commun. Technol. Res. 2(2), 186–188 (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu, B., Yan, Z., Chen, C.W.: Medium access control for wireless body area network with QoS provising and energy efficient design. IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput. 16(2), 422–434 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kim, Y., Lee, S.S., Lee, S.K.: Coexistence of ZigBee-based WBAN and WiFi for health telemonitoring system. IEEE J. Biomed. Health Inform. 20(1), 222–230 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chunqiang, H., Hongjuan, L., Yan, H., Tao, X., Xiaofeng, L.: Secure and efficient data communication protocol for wireless body area networks. IEEE Trans. Multi-Scale Comput. Syst. 2(2), 94–107 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pešović, U.M., Mohorko, J.J., Benkič, K., Čučej, Ž.F.: Single-hop vs. Multi-hop - Energy efficiency analysis in wireless sensor networks. In: 18 Telekomunikacioni forum TELFOR, pp. 471–474 (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gupta, S., Kaur, P.: WBAN health monitoring system using TEEN protocol: threshold sensitive energy efficient network protocol. IJISET Int. J. Innov. Sci. Eng. Technol. 2(10), 20–25 (2015)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jasawat, U., Pandey, N.: Adaptive network coding mechanism for network lifetime extension based on body area network. Int. J. Innov. Res. Comput. Commun. Eng. 4(6), 11588–11594 (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Javaid, N., Khan, N.A., Shakir, M., Khan, M.A., Bouk, S.H., Khan, Z.A.: Ubiquitous healthcare in wireless body area networks - a survey. J. Basic Appl. Sci. Res. 3(4), 747–759 (2013)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rappaport, T.S.: Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice, vol. 2. Prentice Hall PTR, New Jersey (1996)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Huang, X., Shan, H., Shen, X.: On energy efficiency of cooperative communications in wireless body area network. In: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, pp. 1097–1101 (2011)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yousaf, S., Javaid, N., Qasim, U., Alrajeh, N., Khan, Z.A., Ahmed, M.: Towards reliable and energy-efficient incremental cooperative communication for wireless body area networks. Artic. Sens. 16, 284 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    ul Huque, Md.T.I., Munasinghe, K.S., Abolhasan, M., Jamalipour, A.: EAR-BAN: energy efficient adaptive routing in Wireless Body Area Networks. In: 7th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems (ICSPCS), pp. 1–10 (2013)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jovanov, E., Milenkovic, A., Otto, C., de Groen, P.C.: A wireless body area network of intelligent motion sensors for computer assisted physical rehabilitation. PMC-US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, p. 6 (2005)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gupta, S.H., Singh, R.K., Sharan, S.N.: Performance analysis of coded cooperation and space time cooperation with multiple relays in Nakagami-\(m\) fading. In: Gavrilova, M.L., Tan, C.J.K., Saeed, K., Chaki, N., Shaikh, S.H. (eds.) Transactions on Computational Science XXV. LNCS, vol. 9030, pp. 172–185. Springer, Heidelberg (2015). Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sethi, D., Bhattacharya, P.P.: A study on Energy Efficient and Reliable Data Transfer (EERDT) protocol for WBAN. In: Second International Conference on Computational Intelligence & Communication Technology (CICT), pp. 254–258 (2016)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Smail, O., Kerrar, A., Zetili, Y., Cousin, B.: ESR: energy aware and stable routing protocol for WBAN networks. In: International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), pp. 452–457 (2016)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Promwongsa, N., Sanguankotchakorn, T.: Packet size optimization for energy-efficient 2-hop in multipath fading for WBAN. In: 22nd Asia-Pacific Conference on Communications (APCC), pp. 445–450 (2016)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Verma, M., Rai, R.: Energy-efficient cluster-based mechanism for WBAN communications for healthcare applications. Int. J. Comput. Appl. 120(19), 24–31 (2015)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sindhu, S., Vashisth, S., Chakarvarti, S.K.: A review on Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) for Health monitoring system: implementation protocols. In: Communications on Applied Electronics (CAE), vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 16–20. Foundation of Computer Science FCS, New York (2016). ISSN 2394-4714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Singh, S., Negi, S., Uniyal, A., Verma, S.K.: Modified new-attempt routing protocol for wireless body area network. In: International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communication, & Automation (ICACCA) (Fall), September 2016, pp. 1–5 (2016)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Javaid, N., Ahmad, A., Nadeem, Q., Imran, M., Haider, N.: iM-SIMPLE: iMproved stable increased-throughput multi-hop link efficient routing protocol for Wireless Body Area Networks. Comput. Hum. Behav. 51, 1003 (2014). Article in PressCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Javaid, N., Abbas, Z., Fareed, M.S., Khan, Z.A., Alrajeh, N., M-ATTEMPT: a new energy-efficient routing protocol for wireless body area sensor networks. In: The 4th International Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies (ANT 2013), pp. 224–231 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aakriti Khanna
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vaibhav Chaudhary
    • 1
  • Sindhu Hak Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Amity School of Engineering and TechnologyAmity UniversityNoidaIndia

Personalised recommendations