Krieg, Terrorismus und Flucht: Auswirkungen auf die psychische Gesundheit und Entwicklung von Kindern und Jugendlichen

Chapter
Part of the Psychosomatik im Zentrum book series (PSZE, volume 2)

Zusammenfassung

Laut UNHCR-Statistik sind aktuell weltweit 21,3 Millionen Menschen auf der Flucht vor Krieg, Gewalt und Verfolgung. Mehr als die Hälfte davon sind Kinder und Jugendliche, und mehr als die Hälfte der Flüchtlinge kommt aus Syrien, Afghanistan oder Somalia. Viele dieser Kinder haben vor und während der Flucht mehrfache und oft andauernde traumatische Erlebnisse, bis hin zum Missbrauch als Kindersoldaten. Nach erfolgreicher Flucht ist die Akkulturation im Gastland ein weiterer anhaltender Stress- und Belastungsfaktor. In diesem Kapitel werden die Auswirkungen von Krieg, Terrorismus und Flucht auf die biopsychosoziale Gesundheit und Entwicklung von Kindern und Jugendlichen anhand relevanter Forschungsliteratur beschrieben. Außerdem werden die Ergebnisse einer Untersuchung zur sprachlichen, kognitiven, sozialen und emotionalen Entwicklung sowie psychischer Auffälligkeiten von Flüchtlingskindern im Vergleich zu anderen Kindern mit Migrationshintergrund und österreichischen Kindern berichtet. Darüber hinaus werden relevante Möglichkeiten zur Entwicklungsförderung und Prävention von emotionalen Problemen und Verhaltensauffälligkeiten diskutiert.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinik Eggenburg und Gars am KampPsychosomatischen Zentrums WaldviertelEggenburgÖsterreich

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