Qualitative Geographische Informationssysteme

Kontextsensible räumliche Analysen, mixed methods und Geovisualisierungen
  • Christian Bittner
  • Boris Michel
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Qualitative geographische Informationssysteme (GIS) bezeichnen methodische Ansätze, die qualitative Informations- und Datenformen in GIS-Anwendungen integrieren und anhand von verstehenden und interpretierenden Verfahren analysieren. Vielfach werden qualitative GIS mit dem Ziel verwendet, marginalisierten und subalternen Perspektiven in Politik und Planungsprozessen Gehör zu verschaffen. Sie können als eine praktische Umsetzung der Kritiken an GIS verstanden werden, die die scheinbare Objektivität und Aussagekraft von GIS-Analysen mit abstrakten und standardisierten quantitativen Datensätzen in Zweifel zogen. Anstelle von positivistischen Grundannahmen betonen qualitative GIS daher die Widersprüchlichkeit, Perspektivität und Situiertheit räumlichen Wissens und streben, häufig durch Einbeziehen verschiedenartiger empirischer Daten, eine größtmögliche kontextuelle Tiefe an. Dieses sich dynamisch entwickelnde Methodenfeld hat verschiedenste Verfahren hervorgebracht, um qualitative Informationen in einem GIS darzustellen und zu analysieren. Dabei spielen insbesondere Techniken der Geovisualisierung eine große Rolle.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Bittner
    • 1
  • Boris Michel
    • 1
  1. 1.ErlangenDeutschland

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