Dedifferentiation and Skin Regeneration

  • Xiaobing Fu
  • Andong Zhao
  • Tian Hu
Chapter

Abstract

Skin homeostasis maintenance, skin repair, and regeneration are the hot topics in multiple disciplines, ranging from dermatology, plastic surgery, trauma, and cutaneous wound healing. Epidermal stem cells are thought to be the primary cell reservoir for skin repair and restoration. And it is generally known that skin cell would renew itself every 2–4 weeks. However, owing to the difficulty in isolation, sampling, and limited quantities of epidermal stem cells, epidermal cell dedifferentiation renders novel opportunities for clinical practice of skin repair and regeneration. In patients with profound burns, the wound can get into the muscle tissues and impair sweat glands. Keratinocyte regeneration without skin appendage restoring would deteriorate patients’ prognosis, as sweat glands play significant parts in body temperature regulation and homeostasis maintenance. The likelihood may be offered by mesenchymal stem cells’ plasticity to regenerate sweat glands after severe burn. In particular, recent researches have altered the possibility to reality. This review collected research milestones in this field, and some fundamental achievements were completed by many contributors of this book. For some heritage dermatological disorders, researches have reported that patient-specific iPSCs from keratinocytes could achieve good clinical outcomes. Besides, melanocyte development, pigmentation, and dedifferentiation are also illustrated in this review, which has opened a new avenue for obtaining precursor cells.

Keywords

Skin regeneration Epidermal keratinocyte dedifferentiation Melanocyte dedifferentiation Keratinocyte reprogramming Wound healing 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaobing Fu
    • 1
  • Andong Zhao
    • 2
  • Tian Hu
    • 3
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Wound Repair and Regeneration of PLAThe First Hospital Affiliated to the PLA General HospitalBeijingChina
  2. 2.Tianjin Medical UniversityTianjinChina
  3. 3.School of MedicineNankai UniversityTianjinChina

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