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Eigenschaftstheorien der Motivation

  • D. Scheffer
  • H. Heckhausen
Chapter
Part of the Springer-Lehrbuch book series (SLB)

Zusammenfassung

Motivation entsteht aus einer Interaktion von situativen Anreizen und dispositionellen Eigenschaften. Mit dispositionellen Faktoren der Motivation soll erklärt werden, warum manche Menschen über verschiedene Situationen hinweg ein bestimmtes motiviertes Verhalten zeigen, andere jedoch nicht. Motivation wird somit (neben auslösenden Anreizen) auch auf stabile, in der Persönlichkeit des Individuums verankerte Eigenschaften zurückgeführt, die sie von anderen Menschen transsituativ und mit einer gewissen zeitlichen Stabilität unterscheiden. Das Kapitel beginnt mit einer einfachen Sicht und nähert sich schrittweise einer komplexen Betrachtungsweise der Rolle von dispositionellen Faktoren in der Motivation, so dass ein weiter Bogen von nomothetischen bis hin zu idiografischen Betrachtungsweisen gespannt wird.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NORDAKADEMIEElmshornDeutschland
  2. 2.(1926-1988)Bochum, MünchenDeutschland

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