IAPWS Industrial Formulation 1997 for the Thermodynamic Properties of Water and Steam

  • Hans-Joachim KretzschmarEmail author
  • Wolfgang Wagner


Steam tables for practical industrial use are presented that were calculated using the international standard for the thermodynamic properties of water and steam, the IAPWS-IF97 formulation, and the IAPWS industrial standards for the transport and other properties. In addition, the complete set of equations of IAPWS-IF97 is presented including all supplementary backward equations for fast calculations of heat cycles, boilers, and steam turbines. These steam tables contain the following features: Formulas to calculate from IAPWS-IF97 arbitrary partial derivatives of the eight most important properties, which is very helpful in non-stationary process modelling. The uncertainty values of IAPWS-IF97 regarding the most important properties are included.


Water Steam IAPWS-IF97 Thermodynamic Properties Equations of State Backward Equations Partial Derivatives Uncertainties 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Applied SciencesZittauGermany
  2. 2.Ruhr-University BochumBochumGermany

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