Survey and Reflection of Open Education Policies

  • Junfeng YangEmail author
  • Kinshuk
Part of the Lecture Notes in Educational Technology book series (LNET)


The world is becoming open with the use of digital technology and internet. Open Education (OE) not only provides learning opportunities for those who do not have access to educational resources and practices, but also provides high-quality resources for those who want to achieve higher goals. Policies are one of the many strategies to quicken the development of OE for improving educational equity and quality. This chapter reviews the policies for OE, and discusses the policies in four levels: the overall policies for OE, policies for open standards, specific policies for constructing Open Education Resources (OERs), and OE policies embedded in other education strategic plans. Policies from different countries and regions are introduced and analyzed in these four levels. Finally, the chapter provides various recommendations for making country-level OE policies.


Open education resources Policy Open education Open OER 



Authors wish to acknowledge partial support from NSERC and China Scholarship Council. This chapter is supported by the 2012 national key project of 12th five-year plan for educational technology “Strategies and models for promoting the faculty development (126220656).”


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Educaiton School, Hangzhou Normal UniversityHangzhouP.R. China
  2. 2.Athabasca UniversityEdmontonCanada

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