Innovative OER Model for Technology-Enhanced Academic and Entrepreneurial Learning

  • Nenad StefanovicEmail author
  • Danijela Milosevic
Part of the Lecture Notes in Educational Technology book series (LNET)


In today’s globalized, networked and fast-changing environment, knowledge became invaluable asset for everyone—students, workers and organizations. Lifelong learning became crucial to the future of our society. In order to foster more effective and collaborative learning and knowledge exchange it is necessary to utilize modern information technologies and services. If used in the right way, information technology can transform and energize educational process, stimulate learning in anyplace and anytime, promote creative thinking and make better use of existing individual and organizational resources. Although modern web technologies and open educational resources (OER) have great potential to bring new opportunities for learning and knowledge exchange, at the same time, developing successful OER systems is very challenging. Design of an innovative and open learning software environment needs a holistic approach, which comprises specific methodology, software architecture, and various services, applications and tools. The rationale of this chapter is to introduce the innovative open educational model and supporting software system that is capable to answer the major challenges of modern education. The proposed OER model and software platform enables creation of agile and adaptable educational ecosystem that can transform the learning experience, and connect individuals, educational institutions and companies.


OER Information technology Educational model Architecture Web portal Services 



Research presented in this paper was supported by Ministry of Science and Technological Development of Republic of Serbia, Grant III-44010, Title: Intelligent Systems for Software Product Development and Business Support based on Models and by the TEMPUS Project—BAEKTEL (Blending Academic and Entrepreneurial Knowledge in Technology Enhanced Learning)—No. 544482.


  1. Atkins, D. E., Brown, J. S, & Hammond, A. L. (2008). A review of the open educational resources (OER) movement: Achievements, challenges, and new opportunities. The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.Google Scholar
  2. BAEKTEL. (2013a). Baektel project rationale.
  3. BAEKTEL. (2013b). Project content and methodology.
  4. BAEKTEL. (2015). Dev 2.3—Conceptual design of the ICT solution for BAEKTEL OER framework.
  5. Beetham, H., & Sharpe, R. (Eds.). (2013). Rethinking pedagogy for a digital age: Designing for 21st century learning. New York: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  6. Bonk, J. C. (2009). The World is open how web technology is revolutionizing education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  7. Brown, J. S., & Adler, R. P. (2008). Minds on fire. Open education, the long tail, and learning 2.0. Educause Review, 1–2, 17–32.Google Scholar
  8. Carayannis, G. E., Popescu, D., Sipp, C., & Stewart M. (2006). Technological learning for enterpreunial development (TL4ED) in the knowledge economy (KE): Case studies and lessons learned. Technovation, 26, 419–443.Google Scholar
  9. Cheung, S. K. S., Li, K. C., & Yuen, K. S. (2013). An overview of open education resources for higher education in knowledge sharing through technology. Communications in Computer and Information Science, 407, 26–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. D’Antoni, S. (2009). Open educational resources: Reviewing initiatives and issues. Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 24(1), 3–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. de Langen, F. H. T., & Bitter-Rijkema, M. E. (2012). Positioning the OER Business Model for Open Education. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 1.Google Scholar
  12. Delloite. (2014). Global Human Capital Trends 2014: Engaging the 21st-century workforce. Delloite University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Geser, G. (2007). Open e-Learning Content Observatory Services (OLCOS) Roadmap 2012. European Commission.Google Scholar
  14. Ha, K., Niemann, K., Schwertel, U., Holtkamp, P., Pirkkalainen, H., & Boerner, D., et al. (2011). A novel approach towards skill-based search and services of Open Educational Resources. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Metadata and Semantics Research (MTSR ´11) (pp. 312–323).Google Scholar
  15. Lai, H.-M., & Chen, C.-P. (2011). Factors influencing secondary school teachers’ adoption of teaching blogs. Computers & Education, 56(4), 948–960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lal, P. (2015). Organizational learning management systems: time to move learning to the cloud! Development and Learning in Organizations: An International Journal, 29(5), 13–15.Google Scholar
  17. Liu, X., Jiang, Y. & Gao, L. (2015). Scientific Information Understanding via Open Educational Resources (OER). Proceedings of the 38th International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (pp. 645-654), August 09–13, 2015, Santiago, Chile.Google Scholar
  18. OECD. (2007). Giving knowledge for free—the emergence of open educational resources. Centre For Educational Research and Innovation.Google Scholar
  19. Plotkin, H. (2010). Free to learn—an open educational resources policy development guidebook for community college governance officials. San Francisco: Creative Commons.Google Scholar
  20. Sarkar, S. (2012). The role of information and communication technology (ICT) in higher education for the 21st century. The Science Probe, 1(1), 30–41.Google Scholar
  21. Senges, M., Brown, J. S., & Rheingold, H. (2008). Entrepreneurial learning in the networked age. Paradigmes, 1, 125–140.Google Scholar
  22. Smith, M. S., & Casserly, C. M. (2006). The promise of open educational resources. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 38(5), 8–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sotiriou, S. A., Agogi, E., Athanasiades, N., Ramfos, A., Stracke, C. M., & Richter, T., et al. (2013). Open discovery space.
  24. Stefanovic, N., Stefanovic, D., & Arsovic, B. (2013). Adaptivity in e-Learning LMS platform. Revista Metalurgia International, 18(3), 156–162.Google Scholar
  25. Stefanovic, N., Radojevic, I., Ostojic, A., Comic, Lj, & Topuzovic, M. (2015). Composite web information system for management of water resources. Water Resource Management, 29(7), 2285–2300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wikipedia. (2012). Massive open online course.
  27. Yates, R. (2013). Educational technologies to support new directions in teaching practice. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 3(6), 602–606.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Yuan, L., MacNeill, S., & Kraan, W. (2008). Open educational resources—opportunities and challenges for higher education,
  29. Yuan, L., & Powell, S. (2013). MOOCs and Open Education: Implications for Higher Education. Centre for Educational Technology and Interoperability Standards.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Technical SciencesUniversity of KragujevacCacakSerbia

Personalised recommendations