An Economic & Philosophical Introduction to ‘Sustainable Innovations’ in Plant Varieties

  • Mrinalini Kochupillai
Part of the Munich Studies on Innovation and Competition book series (MSIC, volume 5)


This chapter introduces the philosophical foundations on which the work presented in this book is based. It starts with tracing the roots of Schumpeter’s famous concept of ‘Creative Destruction’, to the image of the ‘Dancing Shiva’ (Nataraj) (a prominent God in Eastern mythology, a symbol of destruction, transformation and evolution) through the writings of several European scholars, philosophers and economists. Thereafter, the chapter highlights the similarities and differences between the original imagery of Nataraj and the ‘sustainable evolution’ that it symbolizes, and the Schumpeterian concept of ‘creative destruction.’ The chapter further explains how ‘creative destruction,’ especially in the context of plant variety innovations as seen in the present day plant breeding industry, is not sustainable and why a shift back to the model of sustainable evolution is necessary.


Intellectual Property Plant Variety Creative Destruction Industrial Mutation Sustainable Innovation 
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Supplementary material

419280_1_En_1_MOESM1_ESM.xls (318 kb)
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mrinalini Kochupillai
    • 1
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for Innovation and CompetitionMunichGermany

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