Characterization of Magnetism in Core–Shell Nanoparticles

  • Elizabeth SkoropataEmail author
  • Johan van Lierop


We discuss the characterization of magnetic core–shell nanoparticles by describing typical experimental techniques applied to nanoparticle characterization, in addition to more specialized atomic-scale and element-specific characterization techniques which provide in-depth insight to the origin and nature of the magnetism of core–shell nanoparticles. To demonstrate how a clear understanding of the total magnetism of the core–shell nanoparticle is obtained through the characterization techniques presented, we discuss how the magnetism of core–shell nanoparticles made of maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) cores and transition metal and metal oxide shells and identify how the overall nanoparticle magnetism is altered substantially by the interface, an extremely difficult region to characterize within the core–shell nanoparticle, which is critically important to the magnetism.


Exchange Bias Shell Material Shell Nanoparticles Hyperfine Parameter Spin Population 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) for funding. Use of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory was supported by the United States Department of Energy (contract DE-AC02-06CH11357), and the authors thank the beamline scientists (Drs. John W. Freeland and David Keavney) for their support and assistance. The authors also thank Prof. Hao Ouyang (Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University) and Dr. Shen-Chuan Lo (Material and Chemical Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan) for their TEM-based work.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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