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Episodisches Gedächtnis und Hirnforschung: Systeme als funktional differenzierte Hirnstrukturen

  • Johannes Engelkamp
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Part of the Springer-Lehrbuch book series (SLB)

Kapitel 10: Zusammenfassung

Grundlage jeder Gedächtnisbildung sind Spuren neuronaler Prozesse im Gehirn. Die Verarbeitung der verschiedenen Sinnesinformationen und die Kontrolle der Motorik wird von jeweils spezifischen Teilen des Gehirns geleistet. Dementsprechend zeigen Messungen der Aktivität einzelner Hirnareale durch bildgebende Verfahren bei verschiedenen Gedächtnisleistungen sowie Analysen von Gedächtnisstörungen in der Folge von Hirnverletzungen, dass jeweils spezifische Teile des Gehirns an der Speicherung jeweils spezifischer Informationen beteiligt sind. So konnte z. B. gezeigt werden, dass sprachliche Inhalte bevorzugt in der linken Hemisphäre gespeichert werden, dass der Hippocampus für die Bildung episodischer Gedächtnisspuren unerlässlich ist, oder dass der mediobasale Temporallappen die Speicherung von Objektinformationen vermittelt. Im Ergebnis entsteht ein Bild von unterscheidbaren Hirnstrukturen, die interaktiv und teilweise unabhängig voneinander unser Gedächtnis im Ganzen konstituieren.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johannes Engelkamp
    • 1
  1. 1.SaarbrückenDeutschland

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