Primary Skeletal Stabilization and Role of External Fixations

  • Alexander LernerEmail author
  • Nikolaj Wolfson
  • William Henry BoiceIII
  • Arshak E. Mirzoyan


Injuries related to natural disasters and wars are typically high-energy trauma or crush injuries. The majority of these are injuries to the musculoskeletal system [1, 2] and more specifically the extremities. Adequate limb stabilization is of major importance. It protects the injured from devastating complications, such as hemorrhage and fat embolisms [3]. High-energy fractures are often open fractures and secondary injuries due to the movement of bone fragments. These processes can lead to an increase in the contamination of bone and soft tissues, resulting in infection, nonunion, and wound healing complications [4]. The rapid and effective stabilization of high-energy trauma wounds can be a life-saving tool in complex trauma patients.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Lerner
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nikolaj Wolfson
    • 3
  • William Henry BoiceIII
    • 4
  • Arshak E. Mirzoyan
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryZiv Medical CenterSefadIsrael
  2. 2.Faculty of MedicineBar-Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryCalifornia Pacific Medical CenterSan FranciscoUSA
  4. 4.Geisel School of MedicineDartmouth CollegeHanoverUSA
  5. 5.Yerevan Center of Limb Lengthening and ReconstructionYerevanArmenia

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