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Thermal Fatigue Behavior of Sn–Ag/Cu Solder Joints

  • Qingke ZhangEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

Thermal fatigue behavior of the Sn–4Ag/Cu solder joints were investigated in this chapter. The solder joints were clamped by special designed clamps and cycled at low temperature amplitudes, their deformation morphologies were observed by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and evolution in microstructures of the solder were characterized using Electron Back-scattered Diffraction (EBSD).The results reveal that the thermal fatigue process consists of a strain hardening stage and a consequent accelerating fracture stage. During the initial cycles, strain hardening of the solder keeps developing, until it becomes balanced with the dynamic recovery. Due to the strain concentration, damage of the solder around the joint interface is serious and cannot release through recovery, inducing microcracks at the corner of the solder joint. After that, the nominal strength of the solder joint decreases gradually, and the damage rate accelerates with increasing cycles. The fracture surface also consists of two regions, one is covered by trace of friction and the other is similar to the shear fracture surface. Plastic deformation, grain rotation and grain coalesce occur in the solder during the thermal fatigue process, while grain subdivision or recrystallization was not observed, because the dynamic recovery keeps the strain energy of the solder at a low level.

Keywords

Solder Joint Strain Amplitude Slip Band Deformation Band Thermal Fatigue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Metal ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina
  2. 2.Zhengzhou Research Institute of Mechanical EngineeringZhengzhouChina

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