Part of the Springer Environmental Science and Engineering book series (SPRINGERENVIRON)


Groundwater is the subsurface water in soil pore spaces or in the fractures of rock formations. As the component of soil and rock mass, it plays important role on the engineering behaviors of earth materials (soils or rocks), and it is also an essential part of engineering environment. Its geological occurrence and seepage flow influence the strength, deformation, stability, and durability of structures. Therefore, groundwater is a significant element in geotechnical engineering or foundation engineering area. In this regard, any soil or rock engineering evaluation without considering groundwater is not available and comprehensive. In China, during the discipline development and project practice in geotechnical engineering, the knowledge of groundwater is far behind the international developed level.


Hydraulic Conductivity Groundwater Table Hydraulic Gradient Water Head Capillary Water 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Tongji University Press 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geotechnical EngineerTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of Geotechnical EngineerTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Tongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Tongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  5. 5.Tongji UniversityShanghaiChina

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