Ecologies of Open Resources and Pedagogies of Abundance
Learning exists in diverse places—education, work and interest-based activities—and in many different forms. The move towards opening access to learning courses provides learners with the possibility to bring together learning opportunities from diverse sites. However, there is a danger in narrowly viewing learning as the acquisition of resources. This view restricts benefits of open resources to experienced, self-regulated learners. This chapter analyses diverse pedagogies that enable learners to capitalise on digital, open resources. It calls for a fundamental rethink of our cultural view of learning and teaching, focusing attention on how we encourage learners to create and navigate their own pathways, placing the self-regulation of learning as the norm.
KeywordsOpen educational practice Open educational resources Open courses MOOCs Open resources Open pedagogy OER
We would like to thank our colleagues who collaborated with us on some of the studies cited in this chapter: Dr. Anoush Margaryan, Dr. Colin Milligan, Dr. Isobel Falconer and Ms. Helen Beetham. Thanks also to the funders who have sponsored our work, most notably JISC and Shell BPV.
- Bradley, J. C. (2007). Open notebook science using blogs and wikis. Nature Preceedings. doi: 10.1038/npre.2007.39.1
- Dron, J., & Anderson, T. (2014). Agoraphobia and the modern learner. In A. Littlejohn & C. Pegler (Eds.), Reusing open resources: Learning in open networks for work, life and education. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Fiedler, S. (2014). Open sourcing personal learning. In A. Littlejohn & C. Pegler (Eds.), Reusing open resources: Learning in open networks for work, life and education (pp. 43–56). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Littlejohn, A. Milligan, C. & Margaryan, A. (2011). Collective learning in the workplace: Knowledge sharing behaviours. International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning (iJAC). Available from http://online-journals.org/i-jac/article/viewArticle/1801
- Littlejohn, A., Beetham, H., & McGill, L. (2012a). Learning at the digital frontier: A review of digital literacies in theory and practice. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning (JCAL), 28(6), 547–556 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2729.2011.00474.x/abstract
- Littlejohn, A., Milligan, C., Margaryan, A. (2012b). Charting collective knowledge: Supporting self-regulated learning in the workplace. Journal of Workplace Learning, 24(3), 226–238 http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13665621211209285
- Littlejohn, A., & Pegler, C. (2014). Reusing Open Resources for Learning. In A. Littlejohn & C. Pegler (Eds.), Reusing open resources: Learning in open networks for work, life and education (pp. 1–24). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Lompscher, J., & Hedegaard, M. (1999). Learning activity and development: Introduction. In M. Hedegaard & J. Lompscher (Eds.), Learning activity and development (pp. 10–21). Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.Google Scholar
- Margaryan, A., Milligan, C. & Littlejohn, A. (2009a). Self-regulated learning and knowledge sharing in the workplace: Differences and similarities between experts and novices. In Proceedings of 2009 Researching Work and Learning (RWL) Conference Pt 3. (pp. 66–75). Roskilde, Denmark: Researching Work and Learning International Advisory Committee. Available from https://sites.google.com/site/rwl6proceedings/
- Margaryan, A., Milligan, C., Littlejohn, A., Hendrix, D., & Graeb-Koenneker, S. (2009b). Self-regulated learning in the workplace: Enhancing knowledge flow between novices and experts. In 4th International Conference on Organizational Learning, Knowledge and Capabilities (OLKC), Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 26–28 April, 2009. Available from http://www.feweb.vu.nl/olkc2009/Papers/6CAMargaryan.pdf
- Mason, R., & Rennie, F. (2008). E-Learning and social networking handbook. resources for higher education. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar
- McGill, L., Falconer, I., Littlejohn, A. & Beetham, H. (2013). JISC and HEA OER Programme: Phase 3 Synthesis and Evaluation Report. London: JISC https://oersynth.pbworks.com/w/page/59707964/ukoer3FinalSynthesisReport
- Milligan, C., Margaryan, A., & Littlejohn, A. (2013). Patterns of engagement in connectivist MOOCs. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 9(2). http://jolt.merlot.org/vol9no2/milligan_0613.htm.
- Paavola, S. (2014). Challenges of Collaborative Knowledge Creation. Reusing Open Resources: Learning in Open Networks for Work, Life and Education, 104. Google Scholar
- Siemens, G. (2005). Connectivism: A learning theory for the digital age. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 2(1), 3–10.Google Scholar
- Tynjälä, P., Häkkinen, P., & Hämäläinen, R. (2014). TEL@ work: Toward integration of theory and practice. British Journal of Educational Technology, 45(6), 990–1000. Google Scholar